Einstein Cross

Query : Einstein Cross

Basic data :
QSO J2240+0321 -- Quasar
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
QSO (2010A&A,QSO,...), G (2016A&A,BWSH,...), LeQ (1985AJ), gLe (1984BAAS), X ([WBS99])
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
22 40 30.234 +03 21 30.63 (Near-IR) [ ] C 2006AJ....131.1163S
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK5 coord. (ep=J2000 eq=2000) :
22 40 30.236 +03 21 30.65 [ ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
22 37 57.764 +03 05 49.97 [ ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
071.798764 -46.108533 [ ]
Syntax of radial velocity (or/and redshift) is : "value [error] (wavelength) quality bibcode"
  • value : radial velocity or/and redshift (Heliocentric frame) according to your Output Options
    (redshift may be not displayed if the data value is <0 and the database inside value is a radial velocity)
  • [error] : error of the corresponding value displayed before
  • (wavelength) : wavelength range of the measurement : Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam or  '∼'(unknown)
  • quality : flag of quality ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the value's origin
Radial velocity / Redshift / cz :
V(km/s) 227230 [~] / z(emission) 1.695 [~] / cz 508148 [~]
   (Opt) C 2017AJ....154..114O
SIMBAD within arcmin
', {sourceSize:12, color:'#30a090'})); aladin.on('objectClicked', function(object) { var objName=object.data.MAIN_ID; aladin.showPopup(object.ra,object.dec,'',''+ objName+''); });" title="Show Simbad objects"> Overlay Simbad points in this preview
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sedIcon
within arcsec The VizieR photometry tool allows for easy visualization of photometry points extracted around the Simbad position from photometry-enabled catalogues in VizieR.
The search radius has to be specified by the user. It is currently limited to a maximum of 30 arcsec. It depends mostly on the precision or quality of the coordinates (SIMBAD and VizieR catalogs), the resolution of the images from which the sources were extracted, source extent, and source crowding.
Suggestions are: crowded field: 0.5 to 1.5 arcsec, 3 arcsec otherwise; uncertain coordinates (SIMBAD quality E or coordinates without reference): 5 to 30 arsec (risky!).
sed-help-icon
Some important notes on this object about identifications and objects associations.
notes:


Hierarchy : number of linked objects
whatever the membership probability is (see description here ) :

: 2 : 4 Display criteria :

The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
Identifiers (18) :
An access of full data is available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue

QSO J2240+0321 NAME Huchra's Lens [VV2000] J224030.3+032130 [VV98] J224030.3+032130
BWSH C QSO B2237+0305 [VV2003] J224030.3+032130 [WBS99] 1
KODIAQ J224030+032130 QSO B2237+030 [VV2006] J224030.3+032130 [Y88] G
LAMOST J224030.22+032130.3 [HB93] 2237+030 [VV2010] J224030.3+032130
NAME Einstein Cross [HVG99b] 22379+0305 [VV96] J224030.3+032130

References (59 between 2017 and 2022) (Total 661)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
Follow new references on this object
                Reference summaries :

                from: to:

                 or select by : (not exhaustive, explanation here)


Collections of Measurements


velocities : 4   

   

Warning : measurements from IRAS, IRC, SAO, CL.g (ACO), GJ have been removed
(they are still available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue, or at the bottom of the page in the section "External links" to get the full data)

velocities (4)

 |typ|    Value    R   m.e.  |A (Nmes)|na,Q,dom ,   res    D| Obs.date | Rem.  |Or|     Reference     |
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 |z  |    1.7010             |  (    )|s ,E,Opt ,           | 56219    |       |  |2018AJ....155..189D|
 
Observing logs


herschel : 1    ISO : 1    IUE : 1    XMM : 1   

   

Warning : measurements from IRAS, IRC, SAO, CL.g (ACO), GJ have been removed
(they are still available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue, or at the bottom of the page in the section "External links" to get the full data)

herschel (1)

The 1 column in color are computed by VizieR, and are not part of the original data.

Note: (see also the postcard server)

VI/139/herschel
Post annotation
Herschel Observation Log (Herschel Science Centre, 2013) [ReadMe+ftp]
The Herschel Observation Log (37093 rows)
img(gal)
start AladinLite

Full _r OD Target RAJ2000 DEJ2000 Proposal AOT Dur Start ObsId PACS HIFI SPIRE Label arcmin "h:m:s" "d:m:s" s s
1 0.0404 1304 Q2237+030 22 40 30.34 +03 21 28.8 OT1_abercian_1 SpirePhoto 169 2012-12-08T13:10:11 1342256756 get Herschel/SPIRE observation #1342256756 SPIRE small map 1 -Q2237+030

iso (1)

The 2 columns in color are computed by VizieR, and are not part of the original data.
Note: Quick-look images of the data, and specific documentation, are accessible by clicking on the TDT observation identifier
VI/111/isolog
Post annotation
ISO Observation Log (ISO Data Centre, 2004) [ReadMe+ftp]

*The ISO Observation Log[image] (36737 rows) (Note)
img(gal)
start AladinLite

Full _r TDT AOT minLam maxLam Target oStart oLen recno FOV RAJ2000 DEJ2000 cal ObsID abs PropID arcmin um um s s deg deg
1 0.016 54500601 CAM04 5.05 14.27 Q 2237+030 1997-05-14T06:36:29 2026 23112 192"x192" 340.1258 +03.3587 SMALHOTR + DUSTLENS

iue (1)

 |Homogenized Name:  ComplID   |PROG |CL|D CAM IMAGE A| FES  MD|Obs.da  Time |ExpTim|m|CEB|S|      Comments      |F|     reference     |
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 |QSO 2237+030    :            |OD52K|85|L LWP 04954 L|      BO|841209 183300|022500| |09 |G|B=150               |*|1996IUEML.C......0I|
 

xmm (1)

The 3 columns in color are computed by VizieR, and are not part of the original data.
B/xmm/xmmlog
Post annotation
XMM-Newton Observation Log (XMM-Newton Science Operation Center, 2012) [ReadMe+ftp]
The XMM-Newton Observation log (2022-06-27)[image/fits] (16282 rows)
img(gal)
start AladinLite

Full _r Obsno PropDate Object RAJ2000 DEJ2000 Obs0 ObsDur Image PPSp FITS XSAlink arcmin s deg deg s s
1 0.0594 0110960101 2003-07-15 Q2237+0305 340.12500 +03.35833 2002-05-28T15:46:29 42870 FITS PPSp 0110960101 Y


External archives :

Archive data at HEASARC - High-Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center

Data at NED - NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database : Einstein Cross

Search by coordinates in Vizier (radius: 5 arcsec)


Annotations :
Annotations allow a user to add a note or report an error concerning the astronomical object and its data. It requires registration to post a note. See description .
Please, have a look at Best practices. The list of all annotations to SIMBAD objects can be found here .

Currently no annotations available

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report an error concerning the data of this object



2022.08.07-21:55:53

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