The velocity dispersion profile of NGC 6388 from resolved-star spectroscopy: no evidence of a central cusp and new constraints on the black hole mass.
LANZONI B., MUCCIARELLI A., ORIGLIA L., BELLAZZINI M., FERRARO F.R., VALENTI E., MIOCCHI P., DALESSANDRO E., PALLANCA C. and MASSARI D.
Abstract (from CDS):
By combining high spatial resolution and wide-field spectroscopy performed, respectively, with SINFONI and FLAMES at the ESO/VLT we measured the radial velocities of more than 600 stars in the direction of NGC 6388, a Galactic globular cluster which is suspected to host an intermediate-mass black hole. Approximately 55% of the observed targets turned out to be cluster members. The cluster velocity dispersion has been derived from the radial velocity of individual stars: 52 measurements in the innermost 2'', and 276 stars located between 18'' and 600''. The velocity dispersion profile shows a central value of ∼13 km/s, a flat behavior out to ∼60'' and a decreasing trend outward. The comparison with spherical and isotropic models shows that the observed density and velocity dispersion profiles are inconsistent with the presence of a central black hole more massive than ∼2000 M☉. These findings are at odds with recent results obtained from integrated light spectra, showing a velocity dispersion profile with a steep central cusp of 23-25 km/s at r < 2'' and suggesting the presence of a black hole with a mass of ∼1.7x104 M☉. We also found some evidence of systemic rotation with amplitude Arot∼ 8 km/s in the innermost 2'' (0.13 pc), decreasing to Arot= 3.2 km/s at 18'' < r < 160''.
black hole physics - globular clusters: individual: NGC 6388 - stars: evolution
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/769/107): table1.dat>