The kinematics and chemistry of red horizontal branch stars in the Sagittarius streams.
SHI W.B., CHEN Y.Q., CARRELL K. and ZHAO G.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have selected 556 red horizontal branch stars along the streams of the Sagittarius (Sgr) dwarf galaxy from Sloan Digital Sky Survey DR7 spectroscopic data using a theoretical model. The metallicity and α-element distributions are investigated for stars in the Sgr streams and for Galactic stars at the same locations. We find that the Sgr stars have two peaks in the metallicity distribution while the Galactic stars have a more prominent metal-poor peak. Meanwhile, [α/Fe] ratios of the Sgr stars are lower than those of the Galactic stars. Among the Sgr stars, we find a difference in the metallicity distribution between the leading and trailing arms of the Sgr tidal tails. The metallicity and [α/Fe] distribution of the leading arm is similar to that of the Galaxy. The trailing arm is composed mainly of a metal-rich component and [α/Fe] is obviously lower than that of the Galactic stars. The metallicity gradient is -(1.8±0.3)x 10–3 dex/deg in the first wrap of the trailing arm and -(1.5±0.4)x 10–3 dex/deg in the first wrap of the leading arm. No significant gradient exists along the second wraps of the leading or trailing arms. It seems that the Sgr dwarf galaxy initially lost the metal-poor component in the second wrap (older) arms due to the tidal force of our Galaxy and then the metal-rich component is disrupted in the first wrap (younger) arms. Finally, we found that the velocity dispersion of the trailing arm from 88° < Λ☉< 112° is σ = 9.808 ±1.0 km/s, which is consistent with previous work in the literature.