CHURCHWELL E., WATSON D.F., POVICH M.S., TAYLOR M.G., BABLER B.L., MEADE M.R., BENJAMIN R.A., INDEBETOUW R. and WHITNEY B.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report 269 mid-infrared bubbles within 10° of the Galactic center from visual inspection of the Spitzer GLIMPSE II Legacy Science program images. The surface density of bubbles is ∼5/deg2 or about 3 times that detected in longitudes|l|=10°-65°, because the inner 10° of longitude were more thoroughly searched for small bubbles. There is a gradient in the number of bubbles with longitude with an increase of about a factor of 2 from 2° to 10°; this is probably the result of several factors, including decreasing diffuse background brightness, confusion, and opacity with longitude. Bubble eccentricities are typically between 0.6 and 0.8, and >50% show evidence for blowouts, which we suggest result from local density fluctuations of the ISM and/or anisotropic stellar winds and radiation fields. The fraction of bubbles identified with H II regions and clusters is only about half that found at|l|>10°. This is largely a result of the much smaller angular diameter of bubbles cataloged in the inner Galaxy than in the outer Galaxy. At least 12% of the bubbles have morphologies suggestive of triggered star formation. Most of the bubbles that show evidence for triggered star formation in the inner Galaxy have not formed secondary bubbles; it is postulated that this may be because they are too young to have had time for this to occur.
ISM: H II Regions - ISM: Bubbles - Stars: Formation
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/670/428): table1.dat table2.dat>