Automated identification of 2612 Late-K and M dwarfs in the LAMOST commissioning data using classification template fits.
ZHONG J., LEPINE S., HOU J., SHEN S., YUAN H., HUO Z., ZHANG H., XIANG M., ZHANG H. and LIU X.
Abstract (from CDS):
We develop a template-fit method to automatically identify and classify late-type K and M dwarfs in spectra from the Large Sky Area Multi-object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST). A search of the commissioning data, acquired in 2009-2010, yields the identification of 2612 late-K and M dwarfs. The template fit method also provides spectral classification to half a subtype, classifies the stars along the dwarf-subdwarf (dM/sdM/esdM/usdM) metallicity sequence, and provides improved metallicity/gravity information on a finer scale. The automated search and classification is performed using a set of cool star templates assembled from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey spectroscopic database. We show that the stars can be efficiently classified despite shortcomings in the LAMOST commissioning data which include bright sky lines in the red. In particular we find that the absolute and relative strengths of the critical TiO and CaH molecular bands around 7000 Å are cleanly measured, which provides accurate spectral typing from late-K to mid-M, and makes it possible to estimate metallicity classes in a way that is more efficient and reliable than with the use of spectral indices or spectral-index based parameters such as ζTiO/CaH. Most of the cool dwarfs observed by LAMOST are found to be metal-rich dwarfs (dM). However, we identify 52 metal-poor M subdwarfs (sdM), 5 very metal-poor extreme subdwarfs (esdM) and 1 probable ultra metal-poor subdwarf (usdM). We use a calibration of spectral type to absolute magnitude and estimate spectroscopic distances for all the stars; we also recover proper motions from the SUPERBLINK and PPMXL catalogs. Our analysis of the estimated transverse motions suggests a mean velocity and standard deviation for the UVW components of velocity to be: <U> = -9.8 km/s, σU = 35.6 km/s; <V> = -22.8 km/s, σV = 30.6 km/s; <W> = -7.9 km/s, σW = 28.4 km/s. The resulting values are in general agreement with previous reported results, which yields confidence in our spectral classification and spectroscopic distance estimates, and illustrates the potential for using LAMOST spectra of K and M dwarfs for investigating the chemo-kinematics of the local Galactic disk and halo.
methods: data analysis - stars: kinematics and dynamics - stars: low-mass - surveys
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/AJ/150/42): table4.dat>