AUNGWEROJWIT A., GAENSICKE B.T., RODRIGUEZ-GIL P., HAGEN H.-J., GIANNAKIS O., PAPADIMITRIOU C., ALLENDE PRIETO C. and ENGELS D.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the discovery of a new white dwarf/M dwarf binary, HS1857+5144, identified in the Hamburg Quasar Survey (HQS). Time-resolved optical spectroscopy and photometry were carried out to determine the properties of this new cataclysmic variable progenitor (pre-CV). The light curves of HS1857+5144 display a sinusoidal variation with a period of Porb=383.52min and peak-to-peak amplitudes of 0.7mag and 1.1mag in the B-band and R-band, respectively. The large amplitude of the brightness variation results from a reflection effect on the heated inner hemisphere of the companion star, suggesting a very high temperature of the white dwarf. Our radial velocity study confirms the photometric period as the orbital period of the system. A model atmosphere fit to the spectrum of the white dwarf obtained at minimum light provides limits to its mass and temperature of Mwd≃0.6-1.0M☉ and Twd≃70000-100000K, respectively. The detection of HeIIλ4686 absorption classifies the primary star of HS1857+5144 as a DAO white dwarf. Combining the results from our spectroscopy and photometry, we estimate the mass of the companion star and the binary inclination to be Msec≃0.15-0.30M☉ and i≃45°-55°, respectively. We classify HS1857+5144 as one of the youngest pre-CV known to date. The cooling age of the white dwarf suggests that the present system has just emerged from a common envelope phase ∼105yr ago. HS1857+5144 will start mass transfer within or below the 2-3h period gap.
stars: binaries: close - stars: individual: HS 1857+5144
paragr.2.1: HS 1136+6644 is a misprint for HS 1136+6646.