Eskimo Nebula

Query : Eskimo Nebula
C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.5.12 - 2017.10.23CEST02:30:42

Available data : Basic data  •  Identifiers  •  Plot & images  •  Bibliography  •  Measurements  •  External archives  •  Notes  •  Annotations


Basic data :
NGC 2392 -- Planetary Nebula
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
* (AG,BD,...), Rad (BWE,87GB,...), PN (Ref,PK,...), IR (AKARI,IRAS,...), V* (CSV,NSV), Em* (EM*)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : coordinates error major axis, minor axis (in mas at epoch defined in your output options),
    position angle (in degrees North to East of the specified coordinate frame)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E >= 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
07 29 10.76590 +20 54 42.4830 (Optical) [ 29.33 18.81 90 ] A 2007A&A...474..653V
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : coordinates error major axis, minor axis (in mas at epoch defined in your output options),
    position angle (in degrees North to East of the specified coordinate frame)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E >= 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK5 coord. (ep=J2000 eq=2000) :
07 29 10.766 +20 54 42.48 [ 29.33 18.81 90 ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : coordinates error major axis, minor axis (in mas at epoch defined in your output options),
    position angle (in degrees North to East of the specified coordinate frame)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E >= 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
07 26 13.29 +21 00 56.6 [ 167.56 110.95 0 ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : coordinates error major axis, minor axis (in mas at epoch defined in your output options),
    position angle (in degrees North to East of the specified coordinate frame)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E >= 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
197.8784 +17.4002 [ 29.33 18.81 90 ]
Syntax of proper motions is : "pm-ra pm-dec [error ellipse] quality bibcode"
  • pm-ra : mu-ra*cos(dec) (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • pm-dec : mu-dec (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • [error ellipse] : error major axis and minor axis (in mas), orientation angle (in deg)
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, ~ =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the proper motion reference
Proper motions mas/yr :
-3.97 1.59 [3.33 2.14 0] A 2007A&A...474..653V
Syntax of radial velocity (or/and redshift) is : "value [error] (wavelength) quality bibcode"
  • value : radial velocity or/and redshift (Heliocentric frame) according to your Output Options
    (redshift may be not displayed if the data value is <0 and the database inside value is a radial velocity)
  • [error] : error of the corresponding value displayed before
  • (wavelength) : wavelength range of the measurement : Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam or  '∼'(unknown)
  • quality : flag of quality ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, ~ =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the value's origin
Radial velocity / Redshift / cz :
V(km/s) 84.2 [2] / z(~) 0.000281 [0.000007] / cz 84.21 [2.00]
   B 1953GCRV..C......0W
Syntax of parallax is : 'value quality [error] bibcode'
  • value : parallax value
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, ~ =unknown quality)
  • [error] : mean error
  • bibcode : bibcode of the parallax reference
Parallaxes (mas):
5.60 [3.75] A 2007A&A...474..653V
Spectral type is made of 3 parts:
  • the spectral type, which is made of a temperature class, eventually a luminosity class (roman number) and/or spectral peculiarities;
  • a quality letter: A=best quality->E=worst quality, ~ =unknown quality
  • bibcode : bibcode of the spectral type reference
Spectral type:
O6f D 1977ApJ...215..609H
Syntax of angular size is : "maj-axis min-axis angle (wtype) quality bibcode"
  • maj-axis : major axis size (arc minutes)
  • min-axis : minor axis size (arc minutes)
  • angle : orientation angle (in degrees)
  • (incl) : inclination (in units of 15° from 0 to 7)
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the angular size (Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • quality : flag of quality of the angular size values ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, ~ =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the angular size reference
Angular size (arcmin):
0.747 0.747 90 (Rad) D 2008ApJ...689..194S
Syntax of fluxes (or magnitudes) is : "filter-name (System) flux-value [error] quality MultVarFlags bibcode"
  • filter-name : U, B, V, R, I, G, J, H, K, u, g, r, i, z
  • (System) : may be AB (default is Vega)
  • flux-value : value of flux or magnitude
  • [error] : error value
  • quality : flag of quality of the flux value ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, ~ =unknown quality)
  • MultVarFlags : Mult is zero or one char (J) for joined photometry ; Var can be zero or two chars (V[0-4])
  • bibcode : bibcode of the flux reference
Fluxes (5) :
B 10.28 [~] D ~
V 9.68 [~] D 1995GCTP..C......0V
J 10.872 [0.026] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
H 10.919 [0.028] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
K 10.936 [0.034] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
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within radius arcsec The VizieR photometry tool allows for easy visualization of photometry points extracted around the Simbad position from photometry-enabled catalogues in VizieR.
The search radius has to be specified by the user. It is currently limited to a maximum of 30 arcsec. It depends mostly on the precision or quality of the coordinates (SIMBAD and VizieR catalogs), the resolution of the images from which the sources were extracted, source extent, and source crowding.
Suggestions are: crowded field: 0.5 to 1.5 arcsec, 3 arcsec otherwise; uncertain coordinates (SIMBAD quality E or coordinates without reference): 5 to 30 arsec (risky!).

The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
Identifiers (36) :

NGC 2392 GCRV 4981 2MASS J07291076+2054424 PLX 1765.00
AG+21 821 GSC2 N2230330598 NAME Eskimo Nebula PN G197.8+17.3
AKARI-FIS-V1 J0729106+205450 GSC 01372-01287 NAME Eskimo PN ARO 24
BD+21 1609 HD 59088 NAME Clown Nebula PN VV' 63
BWE 0726+2100 HIC 36369 NAME Clown Face PN VV 38
CSV 100874 HIP 36369 NSV 3604 PPM 97562
DO 13050 IRAS 07262+2100 NVSS J072910+205441 SV* ZI 631
EM* CDS 689 IRAS F07262+2100 PK 197+17 1 TYC 1372-1287-1
87GB 072613.0+210045 LJHY 81 PLX 1765 WB 0726+2100

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References (669 between 1850 and 2017)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1950 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
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Measurements (13 types) :


distance : 1    herschel : 13    IUE : 37    MK : 4    oRV : 1    PLX : 8    PM : 2    pos : 2    posa : 2    RVel : 1    V* : 1    velocities : 3   
XMM : 1   

   


External archives :

Data at NED - NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database : Eskimo Nebula

Link by name to the catalogue in VizieR :

NGC 2392 AG+21 821 BD+21 1609 BWE 0726+2100 DO 13050
GSC 01372-01287 HD 59088 HIC 36369 HIP 36369 IRAS 07262+2100
IRAS F07262+2100 2MASS J07291076+2054424 NSV 3604 NVSS J072910+205441 PN G197.8+17.3
PPM 97562 TYC 1372-1287-1

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2017.10.23-02:30:42

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