Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 284, 91-104 (1994/4-1)
Rotational modulation and flares on RS Canum Venaticorum and BY Draconis stars. XVIII. Coordinated VLA, ROSAT, and IUE observations of RS CVn binaries.
FOX D.C., LINSKY J.L., VEALE A., DEMPSEY R.C., BROWN A., NEFF J.E., PAGANO I., RODONO M., BROMAGE G.E., KUERSTER M. and SCHMITT J.H.M.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
As part of a coordinated program of multi-wavelength observations of RS CVn close binary systems, we observed 15 systems with the VLA and 10 systems with IUE, simultaneously or nearly simultaneously with the ROSAT All Sky Survey observations of these stars. Of the 22 systems observed with ROSAT, three were observed both by IUE and the VLA. The principal aim of this program was to check the validity of the existing empirical correlations between the radio and soft X-ray emissions of their coronae, and between the chromospheric/transition region and coronal emissions. Previous studies of these correlations were usually based on nonsimultaneous observations and thus might be biased by source variability. Radio observations were made at 3.6, 6 and 20 cm. Of the 15 observed RS CVn systems, we detected 11 with ≥ 4 σ confidence at one or more wavelengths. The IUE observations were made within the RIASS (ROSAT-IUE All Sky Survey) program. We present the results of the VLA observations, along with the corresponding subsets of the ROSAT PSPC X-ray and WFC XUV survey, and RIASS IUE observations. We obtained an extended VLA/IUE/ROSAT simultaneous coverage of one system, TY Pyx, covering more than one orbital period. These observations reveal that the quiescent radio flux of TY Pyx is relatively constant over time scales of up to 7 hours, but that it did change by a factor of 3 over 24 hours, probably due to a flare on 1990 Nov 12. The UV, XUV and X-ray fluxes do not show large day-to-day or phase-related variability. The observation of the decay phase of a radio flare on EI Eri, with no accompanying X-ray or XUV flare, suggests that the lack of a strong correlation between X-ray and radio flares previously noted for dMe flare stars holds for RS CVn systems as well. We suggest that the radio flare may have been due to a coherent emission process such as electron cyclotron emission. The simultaneous measurements presented here provide a unique test of the general correlation between radio and soft X-ray luminosities, Lradio∼Lmx (Drake et al. 1989) with a power-law slope close to unity, which was previously derived using data obtained years apart. Our derived slopes are consistent with and thus support the general correlations between coronal and chromospheric/transition region emissions previously derived from nonsimultaneous measurements of a much larger sample of these variable sources. However, the importance of simultaneous measurements for accurate energy balance calculations is stressed.
stars: binaries: close - stars: coronae - stars: flare - radio continuum: stars - ultraviolet: stars - X-rays: stars
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