The physics of massive OB stars in different parent galaxies. I. Ultraviolet and optical spectral morphology in the Magellanic Clouds.
WALBORN N.R., LENNON D.J., HASER S.M. and KUDRITZKI R.-P.
Abstract (from CDS):
HST/FOS and ESO 3.6m/CASPEC observations have been made of 18 stars ranging in spectral type from O3 through B0.5 Ia, half of them in each of the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds, in order to investigate massive stellar winds and evolution as a function of metallicity. The spectroscopic data are initially presented and described here in an atlas format. The relative weakness of the stellar-wind features in the SMC early O V spectra, due to their metal deficiency, is remarkable. Because of theirunsaturated profiles, discrete absorption components can be detected in many of them, which is generally not possible in LMC and Galactic counterparts at such early types, or even in SMC giants and supergiants. On the other hand, an O3 III spectrum in the SMC has a weak C IV but strong N V wind profile, possibly indicating the presence of processed material. Wind terminal velocities are alos given and intercompared between similar spectral types in the two galaxies. In general, the terminal velocities of the SMC are smaller, in quantiative agreement with the predictions of radiation-driven wind theory. Further analyses in progress will provide atmospheric and wind parameters for these stars, which will be relevant to evolutionary models and the interpretation of composite starburst spectra.