1996A&A...313...13H


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.12CEST15:22:27

1996A&A...313...13H - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 313, 13-24 (1996/9-1)

The bar-enhanced star-formation activities in spiral galaxies.

HUANG J.H., GU Q.S., SU H.J., HAWARDEN T.G., LIAO X.H. and WU G.X.

Abstract (from CDS):

We use the ratio LFIR/LB and the IRAS color index S25/S12 (both widely used as indices of relative star formation rates in galaxies) to analyse subsets (containing no known AGNs or merging/interacting galaxies) of: (a) the IRAS Bright Galaxy Sample, (b) galaxies from the optically complete RSA sample which have IRAS detections in all four bands, and (c) a volume-limited IR-unselected sample. We confirm that IR-bright barred (SB) galaxies do, on average, have very significantly higher values of the FIR-optical and S25/S12 ratios (and presumably, higher relative star formation rates, SFR) than that do unbarred ones; the effect is most obvious in the IR colors. We also confirm that these differences are confined to early-type (S0/a-Sbc) spirals and are not evident among late-type systems (Sc-Sdm). Unlike others, we see no enhancement of the SFR in weakly-barred (SAB) galaxies. We further confirm that the effect of bars on the SFR is associated with the relative IR luminosity and show that it is detectable only in galaxies with LFIR/LB>1/3, suggesting that as soon as they have any effect, bars translate their host galaxies into this relatively IR-luminous group. Conversely, for galaxies with LFIR/LB below ∼0.1 this luminosity ratio is lower among barred than unbarred systems, again confirming and quantifying an earlier result. Although there is no simple physical relation between H I content and star formation, a strong correlation of H I content with the presence of bars has been found for early-type spirals with LFIR/LB>1/3. This suggests that the availability of fuel is the factor determining just which galaxies undergo bar-induced starbursts.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: starburst - galaxies: spiral - infrared: galaxies

Simbad objects: 135

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Number of rows : 135

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NGC 23 G 00 09 53.411 +25 55 25.46   12.5       ~ 285 3
2 MCG-02-01-051 EmG 00 18 50.898 -10 22 36.49   14.81 14.33     ~ 119 3
3 NGC 150 EmG 00 34 15.4718877833 -27 48 12.767534106   12.04 11.13 10.92 11.7 ~ 172 0
4 NGC 232 GiG 00 42 45.814 -23 33 40.69   14.43   12.78   ~ 124 0
5 NGC 253 SyG 00 47 33.134 -25 17 19.68   8.03   6.94 8.1 ~ 2931 2
6 NGC 337 EmG 00 59 50.090 -07 34 40.66 11.97 12.06 11.61 12.4 12.2 ~ 229 1
7 NGC 470 GiP 01 19 44.845 +03 24 35.90 12.63 12.53 11.78     ~ 246 1
8 M 33 GiG 01 33 50.904 +30 39 35.79 6.17 6.27 5.72     ~ 5135 1
9 M 74 G 01 36 41.772 +15 47 00.46 10.52 10.00 9.46 9.16   ~ 1401 1
10 NGC 660 LIN 01 43 02.350 +13 38 44.45   12.02 11.16     ~ 507 2
11 NGC 693 GiC 01 50 30.847 +06 08 42.76 13.39 13.24 12.44     ~ 101 2
12 NGC 701 GiG 01 51 03.848 -09 42 09.32   12.8   11.59 12.6 ~ 160 0
13 NGC 716 G 01 52 59.688 +12 42 30.52   14.0       ~ 71 0
14 NGC 772 GiP 01 59 19.5556685548 +19 00 27.476398641 11.35 11.09 10.31 10.23 9.38 ~ 304 1
15 NGC 908 GiP 02 23 04.569 -21 14 01.86   11.03 10.18 9.84 10.6 ~ 176 1
16 NGC 922 EmG 02 25 04.400 -24 47 17.46   12.54 12.21 11.84   ~ 125 0
17 NGC 958 EmG 02 30 42.839 -02 56 20.41   13.0   11.81 12.4 ~ 133 0
18 NGC 1022 GiG 02 38 32.703 -06 40 38.60 12.33 12.09 11.34     ~ 186 1
19 NGC 1055 GiP 02 41 45.233 +00 26 35.45 11.59 11.40 10.59 10.5 10.7 ~ 262 2
20 NGC 1084 GiG 02 45 59.926 -07 34 43.10 11.22 11.59 10.73 10.55 11.1 ~ 325 2
21 NVSS J025557+004132 rG 02 55 57.283 +00 41 33.13   14.9       ~ 70 0
22 NGC 1187 EmG 03 02 37.5891179515 -22 52 02.463111425   11.41   10.43 11.2 ~ 195 1
23 NGC 1309 GiG 03 22 06.5558186281 -15 23 59.793798444   12.08   12.5 11.7 ~ 187 0
24 IC 1953 GiG 03 33 41.885 -21 28 43.03   12.41   12.3 12.1 ~ 104 0
25 NGC 1385 EmG 03 37 28.323 -24 30 04.60 11.28 11.50 10.94 10.45 11.7 ~ 212 2
26 NGC 2146 SBG 06 18 37.710 +78 21 25.27 11.67 11.38 10.59     ~ 625 2
27 NGC 2633 GiP 08 48 04.6279110889 +74 05 55.032130996   12.4       ~ 149 1
28 NGC 2764 GiG 09 08 17.5019762535 +21 26 36.009522270   13.9       ~ 104 0
29 NGC 2748 GiG 09 13 43.037 +76 28 31.23   11.7       ~ 175 0
30 NGC 2782 Sy2 09 14 05.120 +40 06 49.68 12.29 12.30 11.63     ~ 432 3
31 NGC 2820 GiP 09 21 45.564 +64 15 28.87   13.1       ~ 146 0
32 NGC 2967 EmG 09 42 03.2940086572 +00 20 11.114178168   12.1   12.2 11.9 ~ 140 0
33 NGC 2990 GiG 09 46 17.219 +05 42 31.85   12.5       ~ 74 1
34 NGC 2976 GiP 09 47 15.458 +67 54 58.97 11.77 11.03 10.16 9.51   ~ 581 1
35 NGC 3044 G 09 53 40.884 +01 34 46.74   12.7   12.7 12.3 ~ 195 1
36 UGC 5376 G 10 00 27.070 +03 22 27.51   14.5       ~ 66 0
37 NGC 3094 G 10 01 25.917 +15 46 11.77   13.5       ~ 103 0
38 NGC 3079 Sy2 10 01 57.80342 +55 40 47.2428 11.57 11.54 10.86     ~ 1248 3
39 NGC 3177 AGN 10 16 34.1437574295 +21 07 22.986941605   12.8       ~ 131 0
40 NGC 3147 Sy2 10 16 53.632 +73 24 02.34   11.43 10.61     ~ 425 2
41 NGC 3198 EmG 10 19 54.990 +45 32 58.88 10.83 10.87 10.33     ~ 815 1
42 NGC 3221 G 10 22 19.988 +21 34 10.56   14.3       ~ 116 1
43 NGC 3294 G 10 36 16.2545096912 +37 19 29.023196163   11.5       ~ 183 0
44 NGC 3310 AGN 10 38 45.857 +53 30 11.89   12.45 12.15     ~ 726 1
45 M 95 GiP 10 43 57.733 +11 42 13.00 10.71 10.51 9.73 9.48   ~ 936 2
46 NGC 3353 AGN 10 45 22.390 +55 57 37.36 12.90 13.25 12.79     ~ 320 1
47 NGC 3359 EmG 10 46 36.845 +63 13 25.10 10.83 11.03 10.57     ~ 340 1
48 NGC 3424 GiP 10 51 46.322 +32 54 02.44   13.2       ~ 127 1
49 NGC 3471 GiP 10 59 09.016 +61 31 49.63   13.0       ~ 112 0
50 NGC 3504 LIN 11 03 11.191 +27 58 20.77   13.48 12.93     ~ 485 2
51 NGC 3511 GiP 11 03 23.767 -23 05 12.44   11.66   10.53 11.1 ~ 131 0
52 M 108 SBG 11 11 30.967 +55 40 26.84   10.70       ~ 411 1
53 NGC 3583 GiP 11 14 10.979 +48 19 06.16   11.6       ~ 173 1
54 NGC 3593 GiG 11 14 36.9733686308 +12 49 05.505076217   11.8       ~ 327 2
55 NGC 3628 GiP 11 20 17.018 +13 35 22.16   10.42 9.48 9.22   ~ 751 3
56 NGC 3631 IG 11 21 02.944 +53 10 09.95   11.0       ~ 324 1
57 NGC 3655 Sy2 11 22 54.6353248122 +16 35 24.232295688   12.575 11.904 11.366 10.732 ~ 156 0
58 NGC 3672 EmG 11 25 02.476 -09 47 43.44   11.9   10.80 11.6 ~ 171 0
59 NGC 3675 GiG 11 26 08.584 +43 35 09.30   11.04   9.57   ~ 261 1
60 NGC 3683 H2G 11 27 31.890 +56 52 36.15   12.7       ~ 164 0
61 NGC 3735 Sy2 11 35 57.327 +70 32 08.13   12.4       ~ 166 2
62 NGC 3810 GiG 11 40 58.737 +11 28 16.07   11.4       ~ 304 1
63 NGC 3877 GiG 11 46 07.782 +47 29 40.20   11.8       ~ 274 0
64 NGC 3885 EmG 11 46 46.509 -27 55 19.85 12.19 12.68 11.89 11.46   ~ 119 1
65 NGC 3938 GiG 11 52 49.453 +44 07 14.63 10.80 10.90 10.38     ~ 463 1
66 NGC 3949 GiG 11 53 41.7329679734 +47 51 31.426105104   10.9       ~ 293 1
67 NGC 3953 GiG 11 53 49.0087614111 +52 19 36.473777126   11.08   9.71   ~ 311 0
68 NGC 3955 EmG 11 53 57.1497972841 -23 09 51.263449583   12.30 11.90 11.19   ~ 86 0
69 NGC 3981 GiP 11 56 07.445 -19 53 46.24   11.75   10.25 11.7 ~ 100 0
70 NGC 3994 LIN 11 57 36.866 +32 16 39.45   13.51 12.87     ~ 166 1
71 NGC 4013 GiG 11 58 31.417 +43 56 49.28   12.4       ~ 365 1
72 NGC 4027 IG 11 59 30.168 -19 15 54.62   11.71 11.10 10.60 11.5 ~ 228 1
73 NGC 4030 GiP 12 00 23.6122434029 -01 06 00.223672461   11.42   10.3 10.4 ~ 292 1
74 NGC 4041 SyG 12 02 12.2373728821 +62 08 14.095878409   11.6       ~ 226 1
75 NGC 4100 GiG 12 06 08.602 +49 34 56.32   11.7       ~ 212 0
76 NGC 4123 AGN 12 08 11.082 +02 52 41.91   13.1       ~ 308 1
77 NGC 4212 H2G 12 15 39.3406580208 +13 54 05.424965126   11.9       ~ 287 0
78 M 99 H2G 12 18 49.625 +14 24 59.36 10.45 10.44 9.87     ~ 763 2
79 NGC 4273 GiP 12 19 56.063 +05 20 36.12   12.3       ~ 241 0
80 NGC 4332 GiG 12 22 46.820 +65 50 37.31   13.2       ~ 69 0
81 NGC 4369 GiG 12 24 36.204 +39 22 58.73   12.3       ~ 171 1
82 NGC 4383 AGN 12 25 25.518 +16 28 12.02 12.41 12.67 12.12     ~ 225 1
83 NGC 4402 GiP 12 26 07.566 +13 06 46.06   12.55       ~ 356 1
84 NGC 4414 GiG 12 26 27.089 +31 13 24.76 11.12 10.96 10.12     ~ 513 2
85 NGC 4419 LIN 12 26 56.433 +15 02 50.72 12.42 12.08 11.16     ~ 368 1
86 NGC 4433 GiP 12 27 38.610 -08 16 42.42   13.4   12.40 12.7 ~ 87 0
87 NGC 4536 GiP 12 34 27.129 +02 11 16.37 11.14 11.16 10.55 17.393   ~ 748 3
88 NGC 4565 LIN 12 36 20.804 +25 59 14.61   13.61 12.43     ~ 869 0
89 NGC 4605 GiG 12 39 59.381 +61 36 33.09   10.94   10.35   ~ 286 2
90 NGC 4631 GiP 12 42 08.009 +32 32 29.44   9.78 9.19 9.10   ~ 970 2
91 NGC 4651 LIN 12 43 42.627 +16 23 36.23   11.30 10.92 10.42 9.84 ~ 463 0
92 NGC 4691 AGN 12 48 13.60 -03 19 57.7 11.59 11.66 11.08 11.8 11.3 ~ 221 1
93 M 94 SyG 12 50 53.148 +41 07 12.55 9.15 8.96 8.24 7.78   ~ 1217 3
94 NGC 4781 GiG 12 54 23.7742249089 -10 32 13.798659852   11.8   11.28 11.7 ~ 116 0
95 NGC 4808 GiG 12 55 48.940 +04 18 14.74   12.5       ~ 199 0
96 NGC 4845 AGN 12 58 01.242 +01 34 32.09   17.40 16.31     ~ 208 0
97 NGC 4900 EmG 13 00 39.1189337687 +02 30 05.164657273   12.8       ~ 225 0
98 M 63 LIN 13 15 49.2738527699 +42 01 45.726078017   9.34 8.59 8.35   ~ 1056 2
99 NGC 5104 rG 13 21 23.115 +00 20 33.38   14.5   13.227   ~ 123 0
100 NGC 5218 GiP 13 32 10.4287653669 +62 46 04.126116981   13.1       ~ 144 1
101 NGC 5383 GiG 13 57 04.975 +41 50 46.60   12.5   10.95   ~ 311 0
102 NGC 5394 GiP 13 58 33.6387896049 +37 27 12.752821928   13.7 13.12     ~ 180 1
103 APG 84 IG 13 58 34.30 +37 27 10.9           ~ 144 0
104 NGC 5430 EmG 14 00 45.820 +59 19 43.14   12.7       ~ 230 1
105 NGC 5433 rG 14 02 36.065 +32 30 37.54   14.0       ~ 73 1
106 NGC 5600 GiG 14 23 49.541 +14 38 19.45   11.9       ~ 83 0
107 NGC 5653 H2G 14 30 10.411 +31 12 55.86   12.7       ~ 155 0
108 NGC 5665 IG 14 32 25.796 +08 04 42.43   12.6       ~ 122 0
109 NGC 5676 GiG 14 32 46.853 +49 27 28.11   11.7       ~ 230 1
110 NGC 5690 GiG 14 37 41.0621949635 +02 17 27.095213875   13.10       ~ 145 0
111 NGC 5713 GiP 14 40 11.528 -00 17 21.16 11.88 11.84 11.20     ~ 350 2
112 NGC 5757 GiP 14 47 46.3869488037 -19 04 42.177033711   12.77 13.73 11.52 12.2 ~ 104 0
113 NGC 5775 GiP 14 53 57.653 +03 32 40.10   13.0 11.34     ~ 392 2
114 NGC 5792 EmG 14 58 22.709 -01 05 27.89   11.8   11.8 11.1 ~ 154 0
115 NGC 5793 Sy2 14 59 24.807 -16 41 36.55   14.47 13.32 12.77   ~ 126 1
116 NGC 5861 Sy2 15 09 16.091 -11 19 17.98   13.34 12.62 11.03 11.5 ~ 147 0
117 NGC 5900 GiP 15 15 05.017 +42 12 35.47   14.43 13.39     ~ 92 0
118 NGC 5906 GiG 15 15 53.687 +56 19 43.86   11.4       ~ 677 1
119 NGC 5915 GiP 15 21 33.076 -13 05 30.22   13.1   12.32 12.7 ~ 101 0
120 NGC 5936 H2G 15 30 00.846 +12 59 21.55   13.0       ~ 150 1
121 NGC 5962 GiP 15 36 31.6808963190 +16 36 27.929023082 12.04 11.98 11.34     ~ 222 1
122 NGC 5990 Sy2 15 46 16.39 +02 24 55.8   13.1       ~ 119 1
123 NGC 6015 G 15 51 25.2390943459 +62 18 36.228262113   11.69 11.14 10.61 10.08 ~ 209 0
124 NGC 6052 IG 16 05 12.8707837896 +20 32 32.613940524 13.01 13.44 13.00     ~ 331 2
125 NGC 6070 G 16 09 58.685 +00 42 33.53   12.1   12.3 12.0 ~ 146 0
126 NGC 6503 LIN 17 49 26.4206717057 +70 08 39.587370580 11.56 10.95 10.28 9.92   ~ 470 1
127 NGC 6574 GiG 18 11 51.2462161679 +14 58 54.740459628   12.5       ~ 170 0
128 ESO 602-25 SyG 22 31 25.474 -19 02 04.27   14.27 13.73 12.90   ~ 99 0
129 NGC 7448 IG 23 00 03.589 +15 58 49.31   12.0       ~ 212 0
130 NGC 7541 GiP 23 14 43.857 +04 32 02.04   12.7       ~ 296 1
131 NGC 7591 SyG 23 18 16.2683208567 +06 35 09.111064142   13.8       ~ 223 0
132 NGC 7625 IG 23 20 30.132 +17 13 32.16 13.31 13.23 11.98 11.25   ~ 243 0
133 NGC 7673 EmG 23 27 41.060 +23 35 20.18 12.84 13.17 12.76     ~ 263 1
134 NGC 7714 GiP 23 36 14.099 +02 09 18.07   14.91 14.36     ~ 728 1
135 APG 284 PaG 23 36 19 +02 09.3   12.6       ~ 603 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.07.12-15:22:27

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