1997A&A...319...83K


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.06.02CEST11:21:13

1997A&A...319...83K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 319, 83-91 (1997/3-1)

The dichotomy of early-type galaxies from their globular cluster systems.

KISSLER-PATIG M.

Abstract (from CDS):

Growing evidence for the existence of two classes of ellipticals calls for a comparison of the properties of their globular cluster systems. I compiled information on the properties of 53 globular cluster systems of faint and bright early-type galaxies, and investigated them in the light of the properties of the parent galaxies. The properties of globular cluster systems appear to separate into two classes rather than to follow continuous relations with their host galaxy properties. The "faint" systems have a low specific frequency (less than about 5), less than roughly 1500 globular clusters, a relatively low metallicity ([Fe/H]←1.2), and a steep density profile that follows the galaxy light. These systems appear essentially unperturbed, and are hosted by faint (about MV>-21.5), disky early-type galaxies with unresolved cores. On the other hand, "bright" globular cluster systems had a higher efficiency in producing globular clusters and have higher specific frequencies (higher than 5). They have larger number of globular clusters (more than 2000), have flat density profiles (α>-1.7) and their color distributions are often broad, and show several peaks or gradients in many cases. Finally the mean metallicity is higher than in "faint" globular cluster systems. "Bright" globular cluster systems show all signs predicted for globular cluster systems that experienced a merger event, and are associated with bright (about MV←21.5) boxy ellipticals with resolved cores. I conclude that every galaxy is likely to have formed globular clusters during the early proto-galactic collapse, but "bright" systems were enriched and disturbed during merger events. These two classes of globular cluster systems support the idea that major merger events could be a cause for the dichotomy of early-type galaxies.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): globular clusters - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular - galaxies: star clusters

Status at CDS:  

Simbad objects: 61

goto View the reference in ADS

Number of rows : 61

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 M 32 IG 00 42 41.825 +40 51 54.61 9.51 9.03 8.08     ~ 2003 2
2 NGC 524 GiP 01 24 47.707 +09 32 19.65   11.5       ~ 419 1
3 2E 0150.5-1358 ClG 01 53 00.40 -13 44 18.0           ~ 386 0
4 NGC 720 GiG 01 53 00.523 -13 44 19.25   12.4   10.36   ~ 491 0
5 NGC 1052 GiP 02 41 04.79851 -08 15 20.7517 11.84 11.41 10.47 10.71   ~ 1133 2
6 3C 84 Sy2 03 19 48.1597607660 +41 30 42.114155434   13.10 12.48 11.09   ~ 3523 3
7 NGC 1374 GiP 03 35 16.598 -35 13 34.50 12.46 11.97 11.08 10.59   ~ 252 1
8 NGC 1379 GiP 03 36 03.940 -35 26 28.23 12.17 12.04 10.91 10.60   ~ 238 1
9 NGC 1387 GiP 03 36 57.0325944947 -35 30 23.691986124 12.18 11.75 10.69 10.16   ~ 215 1
10 NGC 1399 BiC 03 38 29.083 -35 27 02.67 11.05 9.74 9.59 8.12   ~ 1442 1
11 NGC 1404 GiP 03 38 51.917 -35 35 39.81 11.53 10.69 10.00 9.03   ~ 662 1
12 NGC 1427 GiG 03 42 19.4447168502 -35 23 33.193682690   11.89   10.44   ~ 247 0
13 NGC 1549 GiP 04 15 45.223 -55 35 32.50 11.22 10.48 9.79 9.08   ~ 225 1
14 NGC 1553 GiP 04 16 10.4711638537 -55 46 48.107262747 10.76 10.10 9.40 8.74   ~ 353 2
15 ESO 495-21 bCG 08 36 15.190 -26 24 33.66 12.04 11.93 11.45 11.09 12.3 ~ 493 3
16 NGC 3115 GiG 10 05 13.978 -07 43 06.89   11   9.37   ~ 919 2
17 NGC 3226 GiP 10 23 27.0067240562 +19 53 54.682329315   14.32 13.33     ~ 393 1
18 NGC 3311 BiC 10 36 42.821 -27 31 42.02   11.93 10.93 10.00 9.67 ~ 267 2
19 NGC 3377 GiP 10 47 42.400 +13 59 08.30 11.55 11.24 10.38     ~ 726 1
20 M 105 LIN 10 47 49.600 +12 34 53.87   10.56 9.76 9.12 8.18 ~ 1376 0
21 NGC 3384 GiG 10 48 16.897 +12 37 45.48   10.0       ~ 552 1
22 NGC 3557 rG 11 09 57.653 -37 32 21.02   11.50 10.40 9.79   ~ 255 2
23 NGC 3597 EmG 11 14 41.9778973523 -23 43 39.587072665   13.62   12.46   ~ 118 0
24 [VV2006] J111654.8+180304 QSO 11 16 54.657 +18 03 06.51   13.84 12.76     ~ 434 0
25 NGC 3842 BiC 11 44 02.155 +19 56 59.37 14.22 13.70 11.82 12.04   ~ 250 3
26 NGC 3923 GiG 11 51 01.783 -28 48 22.36 11.41 10.59 9.80 8.88   ~ 397 1
27 NGC 4038 GiP 12 01 53.002 -18 52 03.32   10.91   9.74 11.0 ~ 1273 1
28 NAME Antennae IG 12 01 53.170 -18 52 37.92           ~ 1553 0
29 NGC 4039 GiP 12 01 53.8 -18 53 06   11.08   9.77   ~ 1129 1
30 NGC 4073 BiC 12 04 27.059 +01 53 45.65   13.8 13.21 14.249   ~ 181 1
31 NGC 4278 LIN 12 20 06.82563 +29 16 50.7124 11.54 11.09 10.16     ~ 885 2
32 NGC 4340 GiP 12 23 35.2775321007 +16 43 20.446578725   12.4       ~ 257 0
33 NGC 4365 GiG 12 24 28.228 +07 19 03.07   11.5       ~ 794 0
34 M 84 Sy2 12 25 03.74333 +12 53 13.1393 12.67 12.09 10.49     ~ 1631 2
35 M 86 GiG 12 26 11.814 +12 56 45.49 10.32 9.83 8.90   7.50 ~ 1010 1
36 M 49 Sy2 12 29 46.798 +08 00 01.48   13.21 12.17     ~ 1954 2
37 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6169 3
38 NGC 4494 GiP 12 31 24.034 +25 46 29.93   10.55 9.74     ~ 449 0
39 NGC 4526 GiG 12 34 03.029 +07 41 56.90   10.6       ~ 598 1
40 M 89 LIN 12 35 39.8 +12 33 23 11.29 10.73 9.75     ~ 921 2
41 NGC 4564 GiG 12 36 26.994 +11 26 21.55 12.51 12.05 11.12     ~ 559 1
42 M 59 GiG 12 42 02.322 +11 38 48.95   11.0       ~ 653 0
43 NAME NGC 4636 Group GrG 12 42 49.5 +02 41 08           ~ 549 0
44 NGC 4636 LIN 12 42 49.867 +02 41 16.01   12.62 11.84     ~ 1037 1
45 M 60 GiP 12 43 40.008 +11 33 09.40   10.3       ~ 1248 0
46 NGC 4697 GiG 12 48 35.8992791100 -05 48 02.497675635   10.97   9.83   ~ 800 0
47 NGC 4874 LIN 12 59 35.709 +27 57 33.80 13.01 13.7 11.40 12.122 11.386 ~ 711 3
48 NGC 4881 LIN 12 59 57.7481037297 +28 14 48.009303655 15.03 14.7 13.56     ~ 178 0
49 NGC 4889 BiC 13 00 08.097 +27 58 37.29 12.93 13.0 11.30 11.652 10.906 ~ 640 1
50 NGC 5018 GiP 13 13 01.000 -19 31 05.87   11.71   10.31   ~ 284 1
51 NAME Centaurus A Sy2 13 25 27.61509104 -43 01 08.8056025   8.18 6.84 6.66   ~ 3975 3
52 NGC 5481 G 14 06 41.2701086017 +50 43 23.829628047   13.5       ~ 108 0
53 NGC 5629 GiG 14 28 16.355 +25 50 55.74   14.2       ~ 67 0
54 NGC 5813 LIN 15 01 11.265 +01 42 07.09 12.00 11.45 10.46 10.06   ~ 578 1
55 IC 4526 GiG 15 02 38.192 +23 21 01.95   17.02   14.59   ~ 20 0
56 NGC 5846 BiC 15 06 29.253 +01 36 20.29   11.9   9.74   ~ 770 1
57 UGC 9799 Sy2 15 16 44.4894653562 +07 01 17.830884159   15.19 14.17     ~ 413 3
58 UGC 9958 BiC 15 39 39.049 +21 46 57.98   14.76       ~ 59 2
59 3C 338.0 QSO 16 28 38.2443686587 +39 33 04.231770853   12.78 11.78     ~ 699 5
60 NGC 7252 IG 22 20 44.7751096408 -24 40 41.905677809 12.26 12.46 12.06 11.57   ~ 660 1
61 NGC 7768 BiC 23 50 58.555 +27 08 50.43   14.0 14.23     ~ 170 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:objects in 1997A&A...319...83K and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu


2020.06.02-11:21:13

© Université de Strasbourg/CNRS

    • Contact