Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 321, L9-12 (1997/5-1)
The barium stars in the Hertzsprung-Russel diagram.
BERGEAT J. and KNAPIK A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present absolute magnitudes for a sample of 52 barium stars observed by the HIPPARCOS satellite, and their location in the HR diagram. Our plot (Fig. 1) is restricted to stars with parallax accuracies better than 22%. The luminosity classes range from Ib supergiants down to V dwarfs on the main sequence, as expected from spectral classificaiton. Discrepancies are however notes. No gap is observed in the region extending from the main sequence to the giant branch, excatly as shown by Perryman et al. (1995A&A...304...69P
) for normal stars. This is also true for class II bright giants. A clump is however obvious at G8-K0 IIIb and MV
∼0. 85 which correspond to the one noted as (B-V)∼1.0 and MHp
∼1.0 by Perryman et al. It appears that barium stars on the main sequence are earlier than G4, upward evolution being noticeable for later types. They are also distributed in the subgiant zone following the locus of normal stars, i.e. increasing brightness for later types. A few stars in our sample are also classified as CH stars: four of them are definitely main sequence class V-dwarfs, one is a class IVb faint subgiant while two possible CH-stars are class III-giants. These results are consistent with the currently-admitted model of surface pollution of a normal star through mass transfer in a binary system whose primary has become a white dwarf (WD). HIPPARCOS data show perturbations of the astrometric solution which can be attributed to proved (or possible) binarity for 21 stars our of 121, and 8 of them were already quoted in the CCDM catalogue (not necessarily with a WD component). This low proportion can be explained by the 5-11 magnitudes differences predicted between the two components and/or low angular separation with periods close to one year.
stars: HR diagram - stars: chemically peculiar - stars: evolution
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/321/L9): table1 table2 tables.tex>
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