SIMBAD references

1998AJ....115.1640M - Astron. J., 115, 1640-1647 (1998/April-0)

Barium abundances in extremely metal-poor stars.

McWILLIAM A.

Abstract (from CDS):

New, improved, barium abundances for 33 extremely metal-poor halo stars from the 1995 sample of McWilliam et al. have been computed. The mean [Ba/Eu] ratio for stars with [Fe/H] ≤ -2.4 is -0.69±0.06 dex, consistent with pure r-process nucleosynthesis within the measurement uncertainties. Although the [Sr/Fe] and [Ba/Fe] abundance ratios span a range of 2.6 dex, the mean values are approximately constant with [Fe/H]. This is consistent with a model of chemical evolution in which the parent clouds were enriched by small numbers of supernova events. In this model, the decreasing heavy-element dispersion with increasing [Fe/H] is simply due to the averaging of element yields from many supernovae at higher [Fe/H]; however, it is necessary to increase the number of extremely metal-poor stars known in order to confirm this picture. In addition to the random Sr component from the r-process, the [Sr/Ba] ratios indicate that there is a second, also random, source of Sr from an as yet unidentified nucleosynthesis site.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxy: Abundances - Galaxy: Evolution - Galaxy: Halo - Stars: Abundances - Stars: Population II

Simbad objects: 34

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