Astron. J., 116, 261-265 (1998/July-0)
Additional periodic variables in NGC 2264.
KEARNS K.E. and HERBST W.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present results from a second season of monitoring fields in the young cluster NGC 2264 at Van Vleck Observatory. In Paper I of this series, we reported the discovery of nine periodic variables–all interpreted as spotted pre-main-sequence stars. That has now been increased to 31, one of which is quite unusual. The preliminary result reported in Paper I–that the frequency distribution of rotation periods in NGC 2264 is significantly different from what is seen in the Orion Nebula cluster (ONC)–is confirmed. In particular, the distribution peaks at a period of about 4 days, precisely where there is a gap in the ONC distribution. There is also a good number of very rapidly rotating stars and a long tail of slow rotators. The distribution can be understood, at least qualitatively, in terms of a disk-locking model of rotational evolution. In this interpretation, the majority of stars in NGC 2264 must have unlocked from their disks by an age of about 1 million years, and spun up roughly in accordance with conservation of angular momentum. A minority (about 20%) are conserving angular velocity instead (i.e., locked to their disks). The unusual star, 15D, has an apparent period of about 48 days and a light curve indicative of an eclipse by a nonstellar object. Its amplitude exceeds 3 mag. Our fragmentary data suggest a complex structure for the eclipsing body. It could be a feature (protoplanet?) in this star's circumstellar disk and, as such, deserves observational attention.
Galaxy: Open Clusters and Associations: Individual: NGC Number: NGC 2264 - Stars: Pre-Main-Sequence - Stars: Rotation - Stars: Spots
Tables 1, 2: Cl* NGC 2264 VVO NNA some numbering added.
Authors sometimes inverse the format of stars in ANN.
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