Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 351, 283-291 (1999/11-1)
Lithium on the surface of cool magnetic CP stars. I. Summary of spectroscopic observations with three telescopes.
POLOSUKHINA N., KURTZ D., HACK M., NORTH P., ILYIN I., ZVERKO J. and SHAKHOVSKOY D.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present new results of observations of the 6708Å line in twelve CP stars made with three telescopes: the ESO CAT telescope, the Crimean Observatory (CrAO) 2.6-m telescope, and the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT). Unique profile and wavelength variations of the line at 6708Å were discovered in two stars, HD 60435 and HD 83368. We present arguments in favour of the identification of this feature with the resonant L II line. According to the incidence and variability of this line, spectra of twelve stars were divided in four groups: Group 1 - the line is remarkably variable in intensity and wavelength; this group includes the stars HD 83386 and HD 60435; Group 2 - the line is variable to a lesser extent; includes β CrB and HD 188041; Group 3 - the line is not variable; includes 33 Lib, HD 134214, HD 166473 and γ Equ; Group 4 - the line is not present; includes HD 42659, HD 80316, HD 118022 and HD 128898. The behaviour in Groups 1-3 can be explained by the existence of Li rich spots on the star's surface using the oblique rotator model with different inclination and magnetic obliquity for each star. For HD 83368 we have found a tight correlation between the visibility of the spots and the orientation of the dipole pulsation mode.