Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 352, 297-307 (1999/12-1)
The dust content of planetary nebulae: a reappraisal.
STASINSKA G. and SZCZERBA R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have performed a statistical analysis using broad band IRAS data on about 500 planetary nebulae with the aim of characterizing their dust content. Our approach is different from previous studies in that it uses an extensive grid of photoionization models to test the methods for deriving the dust temperature, the dust-to-gas mass ratio and the average grain size. In addition, we use only distance independent diagrams. With our models, we show the effect of contamination by atomic lines in the broad band IRAS fluxes during planetary nebula evolution. We find that planetary nebulae with very different dust-to-gas mass ratios exist, so that the dust content is a primordial parameter for the interpretation of far infrared data of planetary nebulae. In contrast with previous studies, we find no evidence for a decrease in the dust-to-gas mass ratio as the planetary nebulae evolve. We also show that the decrease in grain size advocated by Natta & Panagia (1981ApJ...248..189N) and Lenzuni et al. (1989ApJ...345..306L) is an artefact of their method of analysis. Our results suggest that the timescale for destruction of dust grains in planetary nebulae is larger than their lifetime.
ISM: planetary nebulae: general - infrared: stars - stars: AGB and post-AGB - stars: circumstellar matter - radiative transfer
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/352/297): table1.dat>