Astron. J., 117, 225-237 (1999/January-0)
Some characteristics of current star formation in the 30 Doradus nebula revealed by HST/NICMOS.
WALBORN N.R., BARBA R.H., BRANDNER W., RUBIO M., GREBEL E.K. and PROBST R.G.
Abstract (from CDS):
The extensive ``second generation'' of star formation within the 30 Doradus Nebula, evidently triggered by the R136 central cluster around its periphery, has been imaged with the Near-Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) on the Hubble Space Telescope. Many new IR sources, including multiple systems, clusters, and nebular structures, are found in these images. Six of the NICMOS fields are described here, in comparison with the WFPC2 images of the same fields. Knots 1-3 of Walborn & Blades (early O stars embedded in dense nebular knots) are all found to be compact multiple systems. Knot 1 is shown to reside at the top of a massive dust pillar oriented directly toward R136, whose summit has just been removed, exposing the newborn stellar system. Knots 1 and 3 are also near the brightest IR sources in the region, while parsec-scale jet structures are discovered in association with Knots 2 and 3. The Knot 2 structures consist of detached, nonstellar IR sources aligned on either side of the stellar system, which are interpreted as impact points of a highly collimated, possibly rotating bipolar jet on the surrounding dark clouds; the H2O maser found by Whiteoak et al. is also in this field. These outflows from young massive stars in 30 Dor are the first extragalactic examples of the phenomenon. In the field of the pillars south of R136, recently discussed in comparison with the M16 pillars by Scowen et al., a new luminous stellar IR source has been discovered. These results establish the 30 Doradus Nebula as a prime region in which to investigate the formation and very early evolution of massive stars and multiple systems. The theme of triggered formation within the heads of extensive dust pillars oriented toward R136 is strong. In addition, these results provide further insights into the global structure and evolution of 30 Doradus, which are significant in view of its status as the best resolved extragalactic starburst.
Galaxies: Starburst - ISM: H II Regions - Infrared Radiation - ISM: Individual: Name: 30 Doradus - ISM: Molecules - Galaxies: Magellanic Clouds - Stars: Formation
Knots are [WB87], sources IRSN and IRSW are [RBW98] IRSN and [RBW98] IRSW.
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