SIMBAD references

1999AJ....117.2485K - Astron. J., 117, 2485-2493 (1999/May-0)

Classification of O stars in the yellow-green: the exciting star VES 735.


Abstract (from CDS):

Acquiring data for spectral classification of heavily reddened stars using traditional criteria in the blue-violet region of the spectrum can be prohibitively time consuming using small to medium sized telescopes. One such star is the Vatican Observatory emission-line star VES 735, which we have found excites the H II region KR 140. In order to classify VES 735, we have constructed an atlas of stellar spectra of O stars in the yellow-green (4800-5420 Å). We calibrate spectral type versus the line ratio He I λ4922:He II λ5411, showing that this ratio should be useful for the classification of heavily reddened O stars associated with H II regions.

Application to VES 735 shows that the spectral type is O8.5. The absolute magnitude suggests luminosity class V. Comparison of the rate of emission of ionizing photons and the bolometric luminosity of VES 735, inferred from radio and infrared measurements of the KR 140 region, to recent stellar models gives consistent evidence for a main-sequence star of mass 25 M and age less than a few million years with a covering factor 0.4-0.5 by the nebular material.

Spectra taken in the red (6500-6700 Å) show that the stellar Hα emission is double-peaked about the systemic velocity and slightly variable. Hβ is in absorption, so that the emission-line classification is ``(e)''. However, unlike the case of the more well-known O(e) star ζ Oph, the emission from VES 735 appears to be long-lived rather than episodic.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): ISM: H II Regions - Stars: Early-Type - Stars: Fundamental Parameters - stars: individual (VES 735)

Simbad objects: 22

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