1999AJ....118.2625R


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.04.16CEST12:44:25

1999AJ....118.2625R - Astron. J., 118, 2625-2645 (1999/December-0)

A large mid-infrared spectroscopic and near-infrared imaging survey of ultraluminous infrared galaxies: their nature and evolution.

RIGOPOULOU D., SPOON H.W.W., GENZEL R., LUTZ D., MOORWOOD A.F.M. and TRAN Q.D.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present a low-resolution mid-infrared spectroscopic survey of an unbiased sample of 62 ultraluminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs) (LIR>1012L, z≤0.3) using ISOPHOT-S on board the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). For comparison, we also present ISOPHOT-S spectra for 23 active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and 15 starburst and normal galaxies. The line-to-continuum ratio of the 7.7 µm polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emission feature is used as a discriminator between starburst and AGN activity in ULIRGs. We find that the majority of ULIRGs are predominantly powered by starbursts. The ratio of PAH over infrared luminosities, LPAH/LIR, for starburst-dominated ULIRGs is very similar to the ratio found for template starbursts. The shapes of the PAH features are sometimes unusual. Extinction has a noticeable effect on the PAH spectra of ULIRG starbursts. We have obtained high-resolution near-infrared imaging for the southern ISOPHOT-S ULIRGs in order to investigate their evolution stage. The majority (68%) of the ULIRGs imaged are double systems, and all show distorted morphologies. Of the 23 double-nuclei systems, 17 appear at linear separations between 4 and 14 kpc, with a mean separation of 6.5 kpc. Using the separations measured from our new near-infrared imaging as well as from the literature, we have examined whether ULIRGs that are advanced mergers are more AGN-like. We have found no such evidence, contrary to what is postulated by the classical evolutionary scenario. No correlation is found between the stage of merger in ULIRGs and their infrared luminosity. In fact, we find that systems in the early stages of merging may well put out maximum luminosity. We also find that the total mass of interstellar gas, as estimated from the CO (1⟶0) luminosity, does not decrease with decreasing merger separation. When both an AGN and a starburst occur concurrently in ULIRGs, we find that the starburst dominates the luminosity output. We propose that the available gas reservoir and the individual structure of the interacting galaxies plays a major role in the evolution of the system.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxies: Active - Galaxies: Starburst - Infrared Radiation

Nomenclature: Table 5: [RSG99b] HHMMm+DDMM W, [RSG99b] HHMMm+DDMM WW, [RSG99b] HHMMm+DDMM Main, N=25.

CDS comments: Table 5: 0019-7426 is a misprint for 00199-7426.

Simbad objects: 130

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Number of rows : 130

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 2MASX J00002427-5250313 G 00 00 24.271 -52 50 31.31           ~ 14 0
2 2MASX J00180398+5511129 G 00 18 03.983 +55 11 12.99           ~ 16 0
3 IRAS F00183-7111 Sy2 00 20 34.7 -70 55 27     20.6     ~ 123 0
4 2MASX J00212652-0839261 LIN 00 21 26.530 -08 39 26.15   18.37       ~ 96 1
5 IRAS 00199-7426 G 00 22 07.0041916624 -74 09 41.587896860   17.41   16.24   ~ 31 1
6 2MASX J00285413+4308149 LIN 00 28 54.132 +43 08 14.91     16.0     ~ 30 0
7 6dFGS gJ004215.5-125604 H2G 00 42 15.54 -12 56 03.0   19.45       ~ 61 0
8 IRAS 00406-3127 Sy2 00 43 03.17 -31 10 49.5   19.97       ~ 25 0
9 NGC 253 SyG 00 47 33.134 -25 17 19.68   8.03   6.94 8.1 ~ 3013 2
10 Mrk 1502 Sy1 00 53 34.9326560879 +12 41 35.927159668   14.41 14.03     ~ 1061 1
11 IRAS 01003-2238 Sy2 01 02 49.9936617393 -22 21 57.258147027   18.62 18.9 17.83   ~ 140 0
12 NGC 449 Sy2 01 16 07.2096682810 +33 05 21.651153340   15.90 14.96     ~ 272 4
13 [RSG99b] 01166-0844 W GiP 01 19 07.54 -08 29 09.4           ~ 4 1
14 6dFGS gJ011907.7-082910 H2G 01 19 07.568 -08 29 09.56   18.54       ~ 44 1
15 [RSG99b] 01166-0844 E GiP 01 19 07.83 -08 29 12.0           ~ 8 1
16 IRAS 01199-2307 H2G 01 22 20.884 -22 52 05.62   18.04     17.33 ~ 44 0
17 6dFGS gJ013221.4-072908 H2G 01 32 21.41 -07 29 08.5   19.04       ~ 55 0
18 2MASX J01405591-4602533 H2G 01 40 55.8716338374 -46 02 53.781173198   17.53   16.20   ~ 23 0
19 2MASX J01515140-1830464 G 01 51 51.4246135039 -18 30 46.604977599   18.77       ~ 33 1
20 2MASX J01591372-2924356 Sy1 01 59 13.725 -29 24 35.61   18.18 18.20     ~ 43 1
21 Mrk 1014 Sy1 01 59 50.2529351498 +00 23 40.874250335   16.08 15.87     ~ 522 0
22 NGC 833 Sy2 02 09 20.846 -10 07 59.11   14.02 13.00 12.75   ~ 162 0
23 NGC 891 H2G 02 22 32.907 +42 20 53.95 11.08 10.81 9.93 7.86   ~ 1556 2
24 6dFGS gJ023813.1-473811 G 02 38 13.076 -47 38 11.34   17.402   17.336   ~ 20 1
25 M 77 GiP 02 42 40.771 -00 00 47.84 9.70 9.61 8.87 10.1 9.9 ~ 4192 2
26 [RSG99b] 02411+0354 S PoG 02 43 45.91 +04 06 35.5           ~ 7 1
27 [VKS99] 02411+0353 E GiP 02 43 46.03 +04 06 37.9           ~ 7 1
28 2MASX J02434617+0406377 H2G 02 43 46.172 +04 06 37.73           ~ 37 1
29 ICRF J024457.6+622806 Sy1 02 44 57.6968650655 +62 28 06.517178768   12.15 12.19     ~ 257 1
30 IRAS 02456-2220 G 02 47 51.258 -22 07 36.43   19.71   18.31   ~ 14 0
31 IRAS 03158+4227 G 03 19 11.97216 +42 38 25.5264           ~ 50 0
32 2MASX J03191239+4238436 Sy2 03 19 12.3906153026 +42 38 43.519057826           ~ 43 0
33 3C 84 Sy2 03 19 48.1597607660 +41 30 42.114155434   13.10 12.48 11.09   ~ 3632 3
34 NGC 1365 Sy1 03 33 36.458 -36 08 26.37 10.48 10.08 9.63 8.79 9.7 ~ 1566 2
35 IC 342 SBG 03 46 48.514 +68 05 45.98   10.5       ~ 1413 1
36 IRAS 03538-6432 G 03 54 25.205 -64 23 44.58   18.85   17.64   ~ 25 0
37 IRAS 03521+0028 LIN 03 54 42.146 +00 37 03.33           ~ 81 0
38 [KVS2002] IRAS 03521+0028 E IG 03 54 42.23 +00 37 02.4           ~ 3 0
39 2MASX J04081891-3228303 G 04 08 18.911 -32 28 30.35           ~ 9 1
40 IRAS 04114-5117 G 04 12 44.202 -51 09 40.22   18.12   17.22   ~ 18 1
41 2MASX J05210136-2521450 Sy2 05 21 01.3987198411 -25 21 45.269338983   15.47 14.75     ~ 441 0
42 2MASX J05583717-7716393 G 05 58 37.176 -77 16 39.37           ~ 13 1
43 2MASX J06025406-7103104 LIN 06 02 54.066 -71 03 10.48   15.6       ~ 77 1
44 2MASX J06210118-6317238 Sy2 06 21 01.188 -63 17 23.81   16.70   15.27   ~ 56 1
45 IRAS 06301-7934 G 06 26 41.7 -79 36 32   19.01   17.57   ~ 19 0
46 IRAS 06361-6217 LIN 06 36 35.8 -62 20 32     17.84     ~ 32 0
47 2E 1919 Sy1 08 10 58.6637281539 +76 02 42.449416413   15.03 14.71     ~ 424 0
48 UGC 5101 Sy1 09 35 51.599 +61 21 11.33   15.20 15.50     ~ 519 4
49 2MASX J09530021+8127282 LIN 09 53 00.216 +81 27 28.22           ~ 30 0
50 M 81 Sy2 09 55 33.17306143 +69 03 55.0609270   7.89 6.94     ~ 4055 5
51 M 82 IG 09 55 52.430 +69 40 46.93 9.61 9.30 8.41     ~ 5445 6
52 NGC 3256 IG 10 27 51.284 -43 54 13.55   11.83 11.33 10.62 11.9 ~ 771 2
53 NGC 3783 Sy1 11 39 01.7095761008 -37 44 19.008597647   12.46 13.43 11.33 12.1 ~ 1503 0
54 NGC 4151 Sy1 12 10 32.5771747733 +39 24 21.057727323   12.18 11.48     ~ 3441 2
55 LEDA 39024 LIN 12 13 46.107 +02 48 41.50           ~ 315 1
56 3C 273 BLL 12 29 06.6996828061 +02 03 08.598846466   13.05 14.830 14.11   ~ 5420 1
57 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6384 3
58 M 90 Sy2 12 36 49.816 +13 09 46.33 10.56 10.26 9.54     ~ 816 1
59 Mrk 231 Sy1 12 56 14.2340989340 +56 52 25.238555193   14.68 13.84     ~ 1827 3
60 NGC 4945 Sy2 13 05 27.279 -49 28 04.44   9.31 14.40 7.55   ~ 1310 2
61 NAME Centaurus A Sy2 13 25 27.61509104 -43 01 08.8056025   8.18 6.84 6.66   ~ 4087 3
62 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 3921 4
63 M 83 SBG 13 37 00.919 -29 51 56.74 8.85 8.11 7.52 7.21   ~ 2297 2
64 NGC 5253 AGN 13 39 55.990 -31 38 24.11 11.48 10.94 10.49 10.33   ~ 1285 4
65 Mrk 273 Sy2 13 44 42.164 +55 53 13.53   15.68 14.91     ~ 840 3
66 Mrk 463 Sy2 13 56 02.9 +18 22 18   14.8 14.22     ~ 356 2
67 NAME Circinus Galaxy Sy2 14 13 09.906 -65 20 20.47   10.89 9.84 10.6 10.0 ~ 1040 2
68 NGC 5506 AGN 14 13 14.901 -03 12 27.22   15.25 14.38     ~ 1015 0
69 NGC 5643 Sy2 14 32 40.778 -44 10 28.60   11.03 13.60 9.92 10.6 ~ 475 0
70 2MASX J14373831-1500239 Sy1 14 37 38.317 -15 00 23.97   16.58 16.40     ~ 248 1
71 2MASX J15265942+3558372 LIN 15 26 59.442 +35 58 37.01   15.61       ~ 248 1
72 IC 4553 SyG 15 34 57.22396 +23 30 11.6084   14.76 13.88     ~ 2739 4
73 Mrk 876 Sy1 16 13 57.1791807197 +65 43 09.953889666   16.03 15.49     ~ 525 0
74 IC 1221 GiP 16 34 41.602 +46 23 31.95   14.40       ~ 36 1
75 LEDA 90258 H2G 16 49 14.092 +34 25 13.20           ~ 51 1
76 LEDA 90261 LIN 16 49 46.88 +54 42 35.4   17.5       ~ 60 1
77 NGC 6240 Sy2 16 52 58.861 +02 24 03.55   14.31 13.37     ~ 1515 2
78 IRAS 17002+5153 Sy1 17 01 24.8267412895 +51 49 20.447125726   15.49 15.12     ~ 361 0
79 2MASX J17034196+5813443 LIN 17 03 41.960 +58 13 44.37           ~ 50 0
80 LEDA 165718 H2G 17 08 32.12 +40 23 28.2           ~ 39 0
81 2MASX J17185436+5441486 Sy2 17 18 54.2347 +54 41 47.464           ~ 71 1
82 6dFGS gJ172322.0-001701 LIN 17 23 21.943 -00 17 00.96   15.1       ~ 379 0
83 LEDA 90308 G 18 42 54.8 +74 36 21           ~ 23 0
84 2MASX J18485387+3237287 G 18 48 53.877 +32 37 28.75           ~ 20 0
85 LEDA 165786 G 18 56 51.9 -46 13 07           ~ 6 0
86 NGC 6764 LIN 19 08 16.348 +50 55 59.14   15.00 14.32     ~ 279 1
87 NAME Superantennae Sy2 19 31 21.4252803168 -72 39 21.448768732   17.39 16.37 14.65   ~ 280 2
88 LEDA 165821 G 19 43 36.0 +46 03 37           ~ 7 0
89 LEDA 90339 G 19 48 15.7 +09 52 05           ~ 33 0
90 LEDA 89061 G 20 10 24.6 -72 01 10           ~ 8 0
91 [VV2000] J201329.8-414735 QSO 20 13 29.509 -41 47 35.48   17.0       ~ 109 2
92 NGC 6946 H2G 20 34 52.332 +60 09 13.24   10.5       ~ 2305 2
93 2MASX J20484414-6207253 G 20 48 44.2195916031 -62 07 25.478947930   17.18   16.04   ~ 11 1
94 IC 5063 Sy2 20 52 02.329 -57 04 07.60   12.92 13.60 11.30   ~ 566 1
95 ESO 286-19 LIN 20 58 26.8182983654 -42 38 59.418569678   14.79 14.79 14.20   ~ 253 0
96 2MASX J21244166-1744458 Sy1 21 24 41.6402257270 -17 44 45.885457804   17.18 16.50 15.95   ~ 85 0
97 Mrk 1513 Sy1 21 32 27.8163185343 +10 08 19.250705656   14.92 14.64     ~ 555 0
98 LEDA 90394 G 21 41 39.9 +36 36 59           ~ 14 0
99 2MASX J22074966+3039393 LIN 22 07 49.666 +30 39 39.32           ~ 22 0
100 NAME South America H2G 22 51 49.307 -17 52 23.96   16.97       ~ 290 3
101 NGC 7469 Sy1 23 03 15.674 +08 52 25.28 12.60 13.00 12.34     ~ 1923 3
102 2MASX J23083397+0521293 Sy2 23 08 33.9521188955 +05 21 29.763819747           ~ 137 0
103 IRAS 23129+2548 LIN 23 15 21.3 +26 04 32           ~ 43 0
104 ESO 148-2 Sy2 23 15 46.772 -59 03 15.94   14.94 14.73 13.95   ~ 236 1
105 NGC 7552 GiP 23 16 10.767 -42 35 05.39 11.34 11.22 10.57 10.08 11.1 ~ 514 3
106 NGC 7582 GiP 23 18 23.621 -42 22 14.06 11.62 10.92 10.62     ~ 824 2
107 2MASX J23260362-6910185 LIN 23 26 03.625 -69 10 18.58   16.6       ~ 39 0
108 2MASX J23280604-5358309 H2G 23 28 06.0899186859 -53 58 30.679199450   17.19   16.10   ~ 28 0
109 WISE J233511.92+293000.3 LIN 23 35 11.93 +29 30 00.2           ~ 47 0
110 2MASX J23390127+3621087 SyG 23 39 01.274 +36 21 08.77   16.17       ~ 199 1
111 2MASX J23414354-6122526 Sy2 23 41 43.542 -61 22 52.62   17.70   16.71   ~ 20 1
112 6dFGS gJ235533.0-210309 G 23 55 33.00 -21 03 08.7   19.04       ~ 15 0
113 [RSG99b] 23389-6139 N IG ~ ~           ~ 1 1
114 [RSG99b] 06206-6315 SW IG ~ ~           ~ 1 1
115 [RSG99b] 06206-6315 NE IG ~ ~           ~ 1 1
116 [RSG99b] 23389-6139 S IG ~ ~           ~ 1 1
117 [RSG99b] 06009-7716 W IG ~ ~           ~ 2 1
118 [RSG99b] 04114-5117 SW IG ~ ~           ~ 2 1
119 [RSG99b] 01494-1845 N IG ~ ~           ~ 1 1
120 [RSG99b] 00199-7426 N IG ~ ~           ~ 2 1
121 [RSG99b] 00188-0856 S IG ~ ~           ~ 2 1
122 [RSG99b] 00188-0856 N IG ~ ~           ~ 2 1
123 [RSG99b] 04114-5117 E IG ~ ~           ~ 2 1
124 [RSG99b] 04063-3236 NE IG ~ ~           ~ 2 1
125 [RSG99b] 01494-1845 S IG ~ ~           ~ 1 1
126 [RSG99b] 20446-6218 N IG ~ ~           ~ 2 1
127 [RSG99b] 20446-6218 S IG ~ ~           ~ 2 1
128 [RSG99b] 06009-7716 E IG ~ ~           ~ 2 1
129 [RSG99b] 00199-7426 S IG ~ ~           ~ 2 1
130 [RSG99b] 04063-3236 SW IG ~ ~           ~ 2 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2021.04.16-12:44:25

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