A new channel for the detection of planetary systems through microlensing. II. Repeating events.
DI STEFANO R. and SCALZO R.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
In the companion paper we began the task of systematically studying the detection of planets in wide orbits (a>1.5RE) via microlensing surveys. In this paper we continue, focusing on repeating events. Repeating events are those in which a distant source is lensed by two or more masses in the planetary system. We find that, if all planetary systems are similar to our own solar system, reasonable extensions of the present observing strategies would allow us to detect 3-6 repeating events per year along the direction to the Bulge. Indeed, if planetary systems with multiple planets are common, then future monitoring programs that lead to the discovery of thousands of stellar-lens events will likely discover events in which several different planets within a single system serve as lenses, with light curves exhibiting multiple repetitions. In this paper we discuss observing strategies to maximize the discovery of all wide-orbit planet-lens events. We also compare the likely detection rates of planets in wide orbits to those of planets located in the zone for resonant lensing. We find that, depending on the values of the planet masses and stellar radii of the lensed sources (which determine whether or not finite-source-size effects are important), and also on the sensitivity of the photometry used by observers, the detection of planets in wide orbits may be the primary route to the discovery of planets via microlensing . We also discuss how the combination of resonant and wide-orbit events can help us to learn about the distribution of planetary system properties. In addition, by determining the fraction of short-duration events due to planets, we indirectly derive information about the fraction of all short-duration events that may be due to low-mass MACHOs.
Cosmology: Gravitational Lensing - Stars: Planetary Systems