Discovery of two new, carbon-rich proto-planetary Nebulae:IRAS Z02229+6208 and IRAS 07430+1115.
HRIVNAK B.J. and KWOK S.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the discovery of two new carbon-rich proto-planetary nebulae (PPNs), IRAS Z02229+6208 and 07430+1115. Optical spectroscopy of these sources and another previously discovered PPN, IRAS 05431+0852, reveals the presence of C2 and C3 in absorption. All three objects have the spectra of G-K supergiants, consistent with the expectations of their being PPNs. New ground-based optical and infrared photometry, combined with the IRAS measurements, show double-peak spectral energy distributions for each; this suggests that the asymptotic giant branch (AGB) mass loss has ended and these objects are in the post-AGB phase of evolution. The remnant of the molecular envelope is detected in CO emission for the first time in all three objects, using the CO (3-2) line. The 3.3 and 11.3 µm emission features commonly attributed to the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon molecules have been detected in IRAS 07430+1115. Strikingly absent in IRAS 07430+1115, however, is the 21 µm emission feature, found in the other two and in all but one of the other PPNs known to show C2 in absorption.