Astrophys. J., 525, 420-433 (1999/November-1)
Ultraviolet and optical line profile variations in the spectrum of ε Persei.
GIES D.R., KAMBE E., JOSEPHS T.S., BAGNUOLO W.G.Jr, CHOI Y.J., GUDEHUS D., GUYTON K.M., HARTKOPF W.I., HILDEBRAND J.L., KAYE A.B., MASON B.D., RIDDLE R.L., SOWERS J.W., TURNER N.H., WILSON J.W. and XIONG Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
The rapid variable star, ε Per (B0.5 IV-III), displays the largest amplitude profile fluctuations known among the growing number of massive, spectrum-variable stars. Here we present an analysis of a continuous 5 day run of IUE UV spectroscopy, and we show for the first time that the systematic, blue-to-red moving patterns observed in high-quality optical spectra are also present in the UV photospheric lines. We present cross-correlation functions of the individual spectra with that of a narrow-lined standard that produce a high signal-to-noise ratio representation of the blue-to-red moving bump patterns found in individual lines. We then use time series analysis methods to determine the periodic components of the profile variations (after reregistering the spectra to correct for binary motion). There are at least six periods present (ranging from 8.46 to 2.27 hr), and most of these signals are also found in optical line variations observed in 1986 (although the relative amplitudes have changed significantly). Furthermore, analysis of a shorter time series of IUE spectra from 1984 shows that similar periods were present then. We also present Hα and He I λ6678 profiles obtained with the Georgia State University Multi-Telescope Telescope, which were made simultaneously with IUE, and we show that the profile variations are essentially identical in the UV and optical ranges. We rule out rotational modulation and circumstellar gas obscuration as possible causes, and we suggest instead that the variations are the result of photospheric nonradial pulsations of relatively low degree (l=3-5). There were significant changes (∼10%) in the equivalent widths of the UV stellar wind lines during the IUE run, and we suggest that wind strengthening events are related to episodes of large-amplitude, constructive interference between the NRP modes. Thus, intermode beating may play an important role in promoting wind loss from massive stars.
Stars: Binaries: Spectroscopic - Stars: Early-Type - Stars: Individual: Constellation Name: ε Persei - Stars: Oscillations - Stars: Winds, Outflows - Ultraviolet: Stars
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<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/525/420): table1.dat table2.dat>
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