Accretion disks around young objects. II. Tests of well-mixed models with ISM dust.
D'ALESSIO P., CALVET N., HARTMANN L., LIZANO S. and CANTO J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We construct detailed vertical structure models of irradiated accretion disks around T Tauri stars with interstellar medium dust uniformly mixed with gas. The dependence of the structure and emission properties on mass accretion rate, viscosity parameter, and disk radius is explored using these models. The theoretical spectral energy distributions (SEDs) and images for all inclinations are compared with observations of the entire population of classical T Tauri stars (CTTSs) and class I objects in Taurus. In particular, we find that the median near-infrared fluxes can be explained within the errors with the most recent values for the median accretion rates for CTTSs. We further show that the majority of the class I sources in Taurus cannot be class II sources viewed edge-on because they are too luminous and their colors would be consistent with disks seen only in a narrow range of inclinations. Our models appear to be too geometrically thick at large radii, as suggested by (1) larger far-infrared disk emission than in the typical SEDs of T Tauri stars, (2) wider dark dust lanes in the model images than in the images of HH 30 and HK Tau/c, and (3) a larger predicted number of stars extincted by edge-on disks than consistent with current surveys. The large thickness of the model is a consequence of the assumption that dust and gas are well mixed, suggesting that some degree of dust settling may be required to explain the observations.