SIMBAD references

1999MNRAS.305..631A - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 305, 631-640 (1999/May-3)

The Lx-T relation and intracluster gas fractions of X-ray clusters.

ARNAUD M. and EVRARD A.E.

Abstract (from CDS):

We re-examine the X-ray luminosity-temperature relation using a nearly homogeneous data set of 24 clusters selected for statistically accurate temperature measurements and absence of strong cooling flows. The data exhibit a remarkably tight power-law relation between bolometric luminosity and temperature with a slope 2.88±0.15. With reasonable assumptions regarding cluster structure, we infer an upper limit on fractional variations in the intracluster gas fraction <](δfgas fgas)2 >1/2 ≤ 15 per cent. A strictly homogeneous Ginga subset of 18 clusters places a more stringent limit of 9 per cent.

Imaging data from the literature are employed to determine absolute values of fgas within spheres encompassing density contrasts δc=500 and 200 with respect to the critical density. Comparing binding mass estimates based on the virial theorem (VT) and the hydrostatic β-model (BM), we find a temperature-dependent discrepancy in fgas between the two methods caused by systematic variation of the outer slope parameter β with temperature. Mean values (for H0=50 km.s–1.Mpc–1) range from f-gas=0.10 for cool (T<4 keV) clusters using the VT at δc=500 to 0.22 for hot (T>4 keV) clusters using the BM at δc=200. There is evidence that cool clusters have a lower mean gas fraction than hot clusters, but it is not possible to assess the statistical significance of this effect in the present data set. The T dependence of the intracluster medium (ICM) density structure, coupled with the increase of the gas fraction with T in the VT approach, explains the steepening of the LX-T relation.

The small variation about the mean gas fraction within this majority subpopulation of clusters presents an important constraint for theories of galaxy formation and supports arguments against an Einstein-de Sitter universe based on the population mean gas fraction and conventional, primordial nucleosynthesis. The apparent trend of lower gas fractions and more extended atmospheres in low-temperature systems is consistent with expectations of models incorporating the effects of galactic winds on the ICM.


Abstract Copyright: 1999 RAS

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: clusters: general - intergalactic medium - cosmology: observations - cosmology: theory - dark matter - X-rays: galaxies

Simbad objects: 24

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