Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 355, 433-442 (2000/3-2)
X-ray observations and mass determinations in the cluster of galaxies Cl 0024+17.
SOUCAIL G., OTA N., BOEHRINGER H., CZOSKE O., HATTORI M. and MELLIER Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a detailed analysis of the mass distribution in the rich and distant cluster of galaxies Cl0024+17. X-ray data come from both a deep ROSAT HRI image of the field (Bohringer, 2000A&A...353..124B
) and ASCA spectral data. Using a wide field CCD image of the cluster, we optically identify all the faint X-ray sources, whose counts are compatible with deep X-ray number counts. In addition we marginally detect the X-ray counter-part of the gravitational shear perturbation detected by Bonnet et al. (1994ApJ...427L..83B
) at a 2.5σ level. A careful spectral analysis of ASCA data is also presented. In particular, we extract a low resolution spectrum of the cluster free from the contamination by a nearby point source located 1.2arcmin from the center. The X-ray temperature deduced from this analysis is TX
keV at the 90% confidence level. The comparison between the mass derived from a standard X-ray analysis and from other methods such as the Virial Theorem or the gravitational lensing effect lead to a mass discrepancy of a factor 1.5 to 3. We discuss all the possible sources of uncertainties in each method of mass determination and give some indications on the way to reduce them. A complementary study of optical data is in progress and may solve the X-ray/optical discrepancy through a better understanding of the dynamics of the cluster.
galaxies: clusters: general - galaxies: clusters: individual: Cl 0024+17 - cosmology: observations - cosmology: dark matter - cosmology: gravitational lensing - X-rays: galaxies
Fig.2, Table 1: [SOB2000] SNN (Nos S1-S16).
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