Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 357, 206-218 (2000/5-1)
A multi-wavelength study of pre-main sequence stars in the Taurus-Auriga star-forming region.
GUENTHER E.W., STELZER B., NEUHAEUSER R., HILLWIG T.C., DURISEN R.H., MENTEN K.M., GREIMEL R., BARWIG H., ENGLHAUSER J. and ROBB R.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
Although many lowmass pre-main sequence stars are strong X-ray sources, the origin of the X-ray emission is not well known. Since these objects are variable at all frequencies, simultaneous observations in X-rays and in other wavelengths are able to constrain the properties of the X-ray emitting regions. In this paper, we report quasi-simultaneous observations in X-rays, the optical, and the radio regime for classical and weak-line T Tauri stars from the Taurus-Auriga star-forming region. We find that all detected T Tauri stars show significant night-to-night variations of the X-ray emission. For three of the stars, FM Tau
and CW Tau
, both classical T Tauri stars, and V773 Tau
, a weak-line T Tauri star, the variations are especially large. From observations taken simultaneously, we also find that there is some correspondence between the strength of Hα and the X-ray brightness in V773 Tau
. The lack of a strong correlation leads us to conclude that the X-ray emission of V773 Tau
is not a superposition of flares. However, we suggest that a weak correlation occurs because chromospherically active regions and regions of strong X-ray emission are generally related. V773 Tau
was detected at 8.46 GHz as a weakly circularly polarised but highly variable source. We also find that the X-ray emission and the equivalent width of Hα remained unchanged, while large variations of the flux density in the radio regime were observed. This clearly indicates that the emitting regions are different. Using optical spectroscopy we detected a flare in Hα and event which showed a flare-like light-curve of the continuum brightness in FM Tau
. However, ROSAT did not observe the field at the times of these flares. Nevertheless, an interesting X-ray event was observed in V773 Tau
, during which the flux increased for about 8 hours and then decreased back to the same level in 5 hours. We interpret this as a long-duration event similar to those seen on the sun and other active stars. In the course of the observations, we discovered a new weak-line T Tauri star, GSC-1839-5674. Result
. are also presented for several other stars in the ROSAT field.
stars: flare - stars: formation - stars: late-type - stars: pre-main sequence - Galaxy: open clusters and associations: general
Objects: GSC-1839-5674, GSC-1839-2008 and 0414+343 not identified
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