Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 358, 639-650 (2000/6-2)
The atmospheric parameters and chemical composition of early B-type giants in h and χ Persei.
VRANCKEN M., LENNON D.J., DUFTON P.L. and LAMBERT D.L.
Abstract (from CDS):
Atmospheric parameters and surface chemical compositions are presented for eight stars, classified as B1 or B2 but with a range of luminosity classes, in the northern double cluster h and χ Persei. Echelle spectroscopy (covering the wavelength region 3900 to 4700Å and grating spectroscopy (of the Balmer, Hγ and Hβ lines) were analysed using non-LTE synthetic spectra based on LTE line-blanketed atmosphere structures. High microturbulences are found in our sample, and this quantity must be included in the computation of the non-LTE level populations; its effect is generally to decrease the derived metal abundances by typically 0.1dex but by up to 0.4dex. Our absolute abundances are in reasonable agreement with those previously found for main sequence B-type stars, while we find some evidence for small abundance variations (particularly for nitrogen) within our sample. One star (BD+56 678) appears to be a spectrum variable and at two epochs shows a highly enriched nitrogen spectrum. Our atmospheric parameters imply that two stars have previously been mis-identified as main sequence objects and a distance modulus, at the higher end of the values previously deduced. The observational HR diagram is consistent with stellar evolutionary models that explicitly include the effects of rotation.
line: formation - stars: abundances - stars: early-type - stars: evolution - Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: h and χ Persei