Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 362, 97-104 (2000/10-1)
On the degree of dust extinction in major galaxy mergers with dusty starburst.
BEKKI K. and SHIOYA Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
We numerically investigate how fundamental properties of the spectral energy distribution (SED) of a major gas-rich galaxy merger with dusty starburst are determined by the initial orbital configuration of the merger. We found that an infrared luminous galaxy with dusty starburst formed by a nearly retrograde-retrograde merger suffers the most remarkable dust extinction of stellar light and consequently shows very red colours. Considering that a retrograde-retrograde merger does not produce strong and long tidal tails, this result suggests that a luminous infrared galaxy without clear signs of interaction and merging shows very large internal dust extinction and redder colours. These numerical results furthermore imply that the morphology of a luminous infrared galaxy can correlate with the degree of internal dust extinction and thus with the shape of the SED, principally because the morphology of a merger also depends strongly on the initial orbital configuration of the merger. Based on these results, we discuss the origin of ultra-luminous infrared galaxies.
galaxies: interactions - galaxies: ISM - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics