Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 146, 323-347 (2000/October-2)
Search for young stars among ROSAT All-Sky Survey X-ray sources in and around the R CrA dark cloud.
NEUHAEUSER R., WALTER F.M., COVINO E., ALCALA J.M., WOLK S.J., FRINK S., GUILLOUT P., STERZIK M.F. and COMERON F.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the ROSAT All-Sky Survey data in a 126 deg2 area in and around the CrA star forming region. With low-resolution spectroscopy of unidentified ROSAT sources we could find 19 new pre-main sequence stars, two of which are classical T Tauri stars, the others being weak-lined. The spectral types of these new T Tauri stars range from F7 to M6. The two new classical T Tauri stars are located towards two small cloud-lets outside of the main CrA cloud. They appear to be ∼10 Myrs old, by comparing their location in the H-R diagram with isochrones for an assumed distance of 130 pc, the distance of the main CrA dark cloud. The new off-cloud weak-line T Tauri stars may have formed in similar cloudlets, which have dispersed recently. High-resolution spectra of our new T Tauri stars show that they have significantly more lithium absorption than zero-age main-sequence stars of the same spectral type, so that they are indeed young. From those spectra we also obtained rotational and radial velocities. For some stars we found the proper motion in published catalogs. The direction and velocity of the 3D space motion - south relative to the galatic plane - of the CrA T Tauri stars is consistent with the dark cloud being formed originally by a high-velocity cloud impact onto the galactic plane, which triggered the star formation in CrA. We also present VRIJHK photometry for most of the new T Tauri stars to derive their luminosities, ages, and masses.
stars: formation - stars: luminosiy function, mass function - stars: pre-main sequence - X-rays: stars
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+AS/146/323): table2.dat table3.dat table4.dat table5.dat>
Table 4, Fig.2: [NWC2000] RX J1846.7-3636 WW (Nos NE, SW), [NWC2000] RX J1857.5-3732 W (Nos E, W).
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