SIMBAD references

2000AJ....120..447K - Astron. J., 120, 447-472 (2000/July-0)

67 additional L dwarfs discovered by the Two Micron All Sky Survey.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present JHKs photometry, far red spectra, and spectral classifications for an additional 67 L dwarfs discovered by the Two Micron All Sky Survey. One of the goals of this new search was to locate more examples of the latest L dwarfs. Of the 67 new discoveries, 17 have types of L6 or later. Analysis of these new discoveries shows that Hα emission has yet to be convincingly detected in any L dwarf later than type L4.5, indicating a decline or absence of chromospheric activity in the latest L dwarfs. Further analysis shows that 16 (and possibly four more) of the new L dwarfs are lithium brown dwarfs and that the average line strength for those L dwarfs showing lithium increases until type ∼L6.5 V, then declines for later types. This disappearance may be the first sign of depletion of atomic lithium as it begins to form into lithium-bearing molecules. Another goal of the search was to locate nearer, brighter L dwarfs of all subtypes. Using absolute magnitudes for 17 L dwarf systems with trigonometric parallax measurements, we develop spectrophotometric relations to estimate distances to the other L dwarfs. Of the 67 new discoveries, 21 have photometric distances placing them within 25 pc of the Sun. A table of all known L and T dwarfs believed to lie within 25 pc–53 in total – is also presented. Using the distance measurement of the coolest L dwarf known, we calculate that the gap in temperature between L8 and the warmest known T dwarfs is less than 350 K and probably much less. If the transition region between the two classes spans a very small temperature interval, this would explain why no transition objects have yet been uncovered. This evidence, combined with model fits to low-resolution spectra of late M and early L dwarfs, indicates that L-class objects span the range 1300 K≲Teff≲2000 K. The near-infrared color-color diagram shows that L dwarfs fall along a natural, redder extension of the well-known M dwarf track. These near-infrared colors get progressively redder for later spectral types, with the L dwarf sequence abruptly ending near (J-H, H-Ks, J-Ks)~(1.3,0.8,2.1).

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Infrared Radiation - Stars: Atmospheres - Stars: Distances - Stars: Fundamental Parameters - Stars: Low-Mass, Brown Dwarfs

CDS comments: SDSS 1624+0029 = SDSS J162414.37+002915.6

Simbad objects: 94

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