SIMBAD references

2000ApJ...530..387B - Astrophys. J., 530, 387-402 (2000/February-2)

Coronal structure and abundances of Capella from simultaneous EUVE and ASCA spectroscopy.


Abstract (from CDS):

We report analysis of the simultaneous 1996 March EUVE and ASCA observations of the spectroscopic binary Capella. The EUVE spectrum is dominated by lines of highly ionized Fe, requiring a continuous emission-measure distribution over a wide range of temperatures. The ASCA spectrum shows He-like line emission features of S, Si, and Mg, as well as unresolved L-shell emission lines of Fe and Ni and H-like and He-like Ne lines. The flux in these line features cannot be determined independently from the continuum flux. The ASCA spectrum is relatively soft, with few counts above 4 keV. The emission-measure distribution determined by Line-Based Analysis of the EUV Fe line intensities is well constrained from Te∼6x105 to 2x107 K, but it is not constrained above this range since Fe XXIV is the highest temperature line observed with EUVE. Since repeated observations of Capella by EUVE have shown that emission-line intensities of the hottest EUV-emitting material (Fe XXI to XXIV) vary by factors up to 4, the ASCA spectrum is important for extending the temperature coverage. Thus, the high-energy cut-off of the ASCA spectrum provides a constraint on the highest temperature emission measures. In principle, elemental abundances are determined from global fits to the ASCA spectrum; however, no well-fitting model has been found for the high signal-to-noise ASCA performance verification spectrum of Capella (1993 September 2). The newer ASCA spectrum of Capella (1996 March 3-4) shows a similar pattern of fitting difficulties. Using the EUVE measurements (1996 March 3-7) to constrain models, we have conducted sensitivity studies of the atomic data, source physics, and instrument calibration. The plasma spectral emission models (Raymond-Smith, MEKAL, SPEX) around 1.2 keV appear to have flux deficits relative to the observed ASCA count spectrum. New atomic models by Liedahl and Brickhouse, calculated with the HULLAC code, provide a set of lines–missing from the existing plasma codes–to fill in this flux deficit. Incorporating these additional lines dramatically improves the spectral model fits to the data, allowing reliable determination of elemental abundances. The successful application of the new atomic models to the Capella problem can have widespread implications, affecting spectral models of galaxies, cluster cooling flows, and supernova remnants, as well as other stellar coronae. Analysis with the new atomic models of the simultaneous ASCA and EUVE data confirms the previous EUVE results that the continuous emission-measure distribution of Capella has a strong enhancement at Te∼6x106 K. While a two-temperature model actually provides a better fit to the ASCA spectrum than the EUVE-derived continuous model, the EUVE data are not well fitted with only two temperatures. We find that the abundances of Mg, Si, S, and Fe are consistent with solar photospheric values, while Ne appears to be underabundant by a factor of ∼3 to 4.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Stars: Binaries: Spectroscopic - Stars: Abundances - Stars: Coronae - stars: individual (Capella) - Ultraviolet: Stars - X-Rays: Stars

Simbad objects: 11

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