SIMBAD references

2000ApJ...531..928H - Astrophys. J., 531, 928-941 (2000/March-2)

A new look at carbon abundances in planetary nebulae. IV. Implications for stellar nucleosynthesis.


Abstract (from CDS):

This paper is the fourth and final report on a project designed to study carbon abundances in a sample of planetary nebulae representing a broad range in progenitor mass and metallicity. We present newly acquired optical spectrophotometric data for three Galactic planetary nebulae, IC 418, NGC 2392, and NGC 3242, and combine them with UV data from the IUE Final Archive for identical positions in each nebula to determine accurate abundances of He, C, N, O, and Ne at one or more locations in each object. We then collect abundances of these elements for the entire sample and compare them with theoretical predictions of planetary nebula abundances from a grid of intermediate-mass star models. We find some consistency between observations and theory, lending modest support to our current understanding of nucleosynthesis in stars below 8 M in birth mass. Overall, we believe that observed abundances agree with theoretical predictions to well within an order of magnitude but probably not better than to within a factor of 2 or 3. However, even this level of consistency between observation and theory enhances the validity of published intermediate-mass stellar yields of carbon and nitrogen in the study of the abundance evolution of these elements.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Nuclear Reactions, Nucleosynthesis, Abundances - ISM: Planetary Nebulae: General - ISM: Planetary Nebulae: Individual: Alphanumeric: IC 418 - ISM: Planetary Nebulae: Individual: NGC Number: NGC 2392 - ISM: Planetary Nebulae: Individual: NGC Number: NGC 3242 - Stars: Evolution

CDS comments: Table 6 : PN K 648 = NGC 7078 648

Simbad objects: 25

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