The nature of radio emission from distant galaxies: the 1.4 GHz observations.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have conducted a deep radio survey with the Very Large Array at 1.4 GHz of a region containing the Hubble Deep Field (HDF). This survey overlaps previous observations at 8.5 GHz allowing us to investigate the radio spectral properties of microjansky sources to flux densities greater than 40 µJy at 1.4 GHz and greater than 8 µJy at 8.5 GHz. A total of 371 sources have been cataloged at 1.4 GHz as part of a complete sample within 20' of the HDF. The differential source count for this region is only marginally sub-Euclidean and is given by n(S)=(8.3±0.4)S–2.4±0.1 sr–1.Jy–1. Above about 100 µJy the radio source count is systematically lower in the HDF as compared to other fields. We conclude that there is clustering in our radio sample on size scales of 1'-40'. The 1.4 GHz-selected sample shows that the radio spectral indices are preferentially steep (α1.4=0.85) and that the sources are moderately extended with average angular size θ=1".8. Optical identification with disk-type systems at z∼0.1-1 suggests that synchrotron emission, produced by supernovae remnants, is powering the radio emission in the majority of sources. The 8.5 GHz sample contains primarily moderately flat spectrum sources (α8.5=0.35), with less than 15% inverted. We argue that we may be observing an increased fraction of optically thin bremsstrahlung over synchrotron radiation in these distant star-forming galaxies.
Cosmology: Observations - Galaxies: Active - Galaxies: Evolution - galaxies: starburst - radio continuum: galaxies - Surveys
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/533/611): table2.dat table5.dat>