SIMBAD references

2000ApJ...533..959L - Astrophys. J., 533, 959-968 (2000/April-3)

On the transience of circumstellar shells about |b|≥10° OH/IR stars. I. Basic statistics.


Abstract (from CDS):

There are 62 OH/IR stars in the Arecibo sky with |b|≥10°, |l|<90°, and a 25 µm flux S(25)≥2 Jy. These were identified as a result of a complete OH survey of color-selected IRAS sources, which also identified four O-rich proto-planetary nebulae (PPNs). Since OH/IR stars evolve into PPNs, the ∼103 yr expansion age of one, 18095+2704, calibrates an ∼1670 yr average net duration for 1612 MHz emission from high-latitude stars. This is comparable with the 770 yr wind travel time from the photosphere out to the 1612 MHz emission zone of WX Psc and the ∼500 yr duration of the luminosity spike following after a thermal pulse.

There is, however, only one PPN candidate without an OH maser to match to the sample's 118 OH/IR-star color mimics (circumstellar shells with the IR colors of OH/IR stars that do not exhibit 1612 MHz masers), where eight are implied if mimics independently evolve through a PPN phase. Most mimics are therefore likely to be the immediate precursors of OH/IR stars. The average net duration of heavy mass loss in a superwind is then estimated from the ratio between the number of IR sources and PPNs at ∼3700 yr. However, the absence of any O-rich PPNs to match to OH/IR stars and mimics in the Galactic anticenter region (AGC), even though there are two carbon stars and four C-rich PPN with appropriate IR colors there, offers a strong hint that most OH/IR stars in the AGC exit their asymptotic giant branch phase as C-rich PPNs. This carries the direct implication that the superwind phase in high-latitude stars is usually a cyclical phase.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Stars: Circumstellar Matter - Masers - Radio Lines: Stars - Stars: AGB and Post-AGB

Simbad objects: 127

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