Astrophys. J., 538, 268-274 (2000/July-3)
Proper motion of water masers associated with IRAS 21391+5802: bipolar outflow and an AU-scale dusty circumstellar shell.
PATEL N.A., GREENHILL L.J., HERRNSTEIN J., ZHANG Q., MORAN J.M., HO P.T.P. and GOLDSMITH P.F.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) observations of water maser emission associated with the star-forming region IRAS 21391+5802, which is embedded in a bright-rimmed cometary globule in IC 1396. The angular resolution of the maps is ∼0.8 mas, corresponding to a spatial resolution of ∼0.6 AU at an estimated distance of 750 pc. Proper motions are derived for 10 maser features identified consistently over three epochs, which were separated by intervals of about 1 month. The masers appear in four groups, which are aligned linearly on the sky, roughly along a northeast-southwest direction, with a total separation of ∼520 AU (∼0".7). The three-dimensional velocities of the masers have a maximum value of ∼42 km.s–1 (∼9 AU.yr–1). The average error on the derived proper motions is ∼4 km.s–1. The overall pattern of proper motions is indicative of a bipolar outflow. Proper motions of the masers in a central cluster, with a projected extent of ∼20 AU, show systematic deviations from a radial outflow. However, we find no evidence of Keplerian rotation, as has been claimed elsewhere. A nearly circular loop of masers lies near the middle of the cluster. The radius of this loop is 1 AU, and the line-of-sight velocities of the masers in the loop are within 2 km.s–1 of the systemic velocity of the region. These masers presumably exist at the radial distance where significant dust condensation occurs in the outflow emanating from the star.
ISM: Jets and Outflows - Masers - Stars: Formation
Fig.2, Table 1: [PGH2000] A (Nos A-D, L).
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