SIMBAD references

2000MNRAS.315..635Y - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 315, 635-645 (2000/July-1)

New views of Betelgeuse: multi-wavelength surface imaging and implications for models of hotspot generation.

YOUNG J.S., BALDWIN J.E., BOYSEN R.C., HANIFF C.A., LAWSON P.R., MacKAY C.D., PEARSON D., ROGERS J., ST-JACQUES D., WARNER P.J., WILSON D.M.A. and WILSON R.W.

Abstract (from CDS):

We report contemporaneous multi-wavelength interferometric imaging of the red supergiant star Betelgeuse (α Orionis), using the Cambridge Optical Aperture Synthesis Telescope (COAST) and the William Herschel Telescope (WHT), at wavelengths of 700, 905 and 1290nm. We find a strong variation in the apparent symmetry of the stellar brightness distribution as a function of wavelength. At 700nm the star is highly asymmetric, and can be modelled as the superposition of three bright spots on a strongly limb-darkened disc. However, at 905nm only a single low-contrast feature is visible and at 1290nm the star presents a featureless symmetric disc. The change in spot contrast with wavelength is consistent with a model in which the bright spots represent unobscured areas of elevated temperature, owing perhaps to convection, on a stellar disc that itself has a different appearance, i.e. geometrical extent and limb-darkening profile, at different wavelengths. The featureless centre-to-limb brightness profile seen at 1290nm is consistent with this model and suggests that future interferometric monitoring of the star to quantify the size changes associated with radial velocity variations should be performed at similar wavelengths in the near-infrared.

Abstract Copyright: 2000, Royal Astronomical Society

Journal keyword(s): techniques: interferometric - telescopes - stars: imaging - stars: individual: Betelgeuse - stars: late-type - stars: variables: other

Simbad objects: 1

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