SIMBAD references

2000MNRAS.315..689L - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 315, 689-702 (2000/July-2)

The entropy and energy of intergalactic gas in galaxy clusters.

LLOYD-DAVIES E.J., PONMAN T.J. and CANNON D.B.

Abstract (from CDS):

Studies of the X-ray surface brightness profiles of clusters, coupled with theoretical considerations, suggest that the breaking of self-similarity in the hot gas results from an `entropy floor', established by some heating process, which affects the structure of the intracluster gas strongly in lower-mass systems. By fitting analytical models for the radial variation in gas density and temperature to X-ray spectral images from the ROSAT PSPC and ASCA GIS, we have derived gas entropy profiles for 20 galaxy clusters and groups. We show that, when these profiles are scaled such that they should lie on top of one another in the case of self-similarity, the lowest-mass systems have higher-scaled entropy profiles than more massive systems. This appears to be due to a baseline entropy of {formmu1} depending on the extent to which shocks have been suppressed in low-mass systems. The extra entropy may be present in all systems, but is detectable only in poor clusters, where it is significant compared with the entropy generated by gravitational collapse. This excess entropy appears to be distributed uniformly with radius outside the central cooling regions.

We determine the energy associated with this entropy floor, by studying the net reduction in binding energy of the gas in low-mass systems, and find that it corresponds to a pre-heating temperature of ∼0.3keV. Since the relationship between entropy and energy injection depends upon gas density, we are able to combine the excesses of 70-140keV.cm2 and 0.3keV to derive the typical electron density of the gas into which the energy was injected. The resulting value of {formmu2} implies that the heating must have happened prior to cluster collapse but after a redshift z∼7-10. The energy requirement is well matched to the energy from supernova explosions responsible for the metals which now pollute the intracluster gas.


Abstract Copyright: Blackwell Science Ltd

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: clusters: general - intergalactic medium - X-rays: general

Status at CDS:  

Simbad objects: 22

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2020.04.01-04:42:03

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