Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 317, 289-298 (2000/September-2)
A moving group of young stars in Carina-Vela.
MAKAROV V.V. and URBAN S.
Abstract (from CDS):
Accurate two-colour photometry and proper motions of 7096 young X-ray stars in the ROSAT All-Sky Survey Bright Star Catalogue, version 1RXS, are extracted from the Tycho-2 Catalogue. The sample is dominated by red main-sequence and possibly pre-main-sequence stars. On a global proper motion convergence map, two features are very prominent: the nearby section of the Gould Belt and the Hyades convergent point. The appearance of the Gould Belt feature with its peak at (l=244°.3, b=-12°.6) is quite similar to that of Hipparcos OB stars. When only stars with proper motions drawing close to that point are selected, strong concentrations of stars in the direction of the Sco-Cen complex are found. Another concentration, not corresponding to any known OB association, is detected between the position of the Lower Centaurus Crux and Vela OB2 associations. It is a new young moving group located in Carina and Vela, and a near extension of the Sco-Cen complex. Contrary to the classical Gould Belt OB associations, the Carina-Vela moving group has a considerable geometric depth, the closest members being as near as 30pc from the Sun. IC 2391, one of the youngest and closest open clusters on the sky, is a part of the Carina-Vela moving group. The Carina-Vela moving group does not link the Sco-Cen complex with the Vela OB associations, because the latter is much more distant than the outer limit of the sample. It is more likely that the young late-type population of the Scorpio-Centaurus-Carina moving group stretches towards the Sun and possibly beyond it.
2000, Royal Astronomical Society
Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics - open clusters and associations: general - X-rays: stars
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