Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 367, 189-198 (2001/2-3)
Modeling of C stars with core/mantle grains: amorphous carbon + SiC.
LORENZ-MARTINS S., DE ARAUJO F.X., CODINA-LANDABERRY S.J., DE ALMEIDA W.G. and DE NADER R.V.
Abstract (from CDS):
A set of 45 dust envelopes of carbon stars has been modeled. Among them, 34 were selected according to their dust envelope class (as suggested by Sloan et al., 1998) and 11 are extreme carbon stars. The models were performed using a code that describes the radiative transfer in dust envelopes considering core/mantle grains composed by an α-SiC core and an amorphous carbon (A.C.) mantle. In addition, we have also computed models with a code that considers two kinds of grains - α-SiC and A.C. - simultaneously. Core-mantle grains seem to fit dust envelopes of evolved carbon stars, while two homogeneous grains are more able to reproduce thinner dust envelopes. Our results suggest that there exists an evolution of dust grains in the carbon star sequence. In the beginning of the sequence, grains are mainly composed of SiC and amorphous carbon; with dust envelope evolution, carbon grains are coated in SiC. This phenomena could perhaps explain the small quantity of SiC grains observed in the interstellar medium. However, in this work we consider only α-SiC grains, and the inclusion of β-SiC grains can perhaps change some of these results.
stars: carbon - circumstellar matter - radiative transfer