Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 372, 833-850 (2001/6-4)
Kinematics of young stars. II. Galactic spiral structure.
FERNANDEZ D., FIGUERAS F. and TORRA J.
Abstract (from CDS):
The young star velocity field is analysed by means of a galactic model which takes into account solar motion, differential galactic rotation and spiral arm kinematics. We use two samples of Hipparcos data, one containing O- and B-type stars and another one composed of Cepheid variable stars. The robustness of our method is tested through careful kinematic simulations. Our results show a galactic rotation curve with a classical value of A Oort constant for the O and B star sample (AOB=13.7-13.8km/s/kpc) and a higher value for Cepheids (ACep=14.9-16.9km/s/kpc, depending on the cosmic distance scale chosen). The second-order term is found to be small, compatible with a zero value. The study of the residuals shows the need for a K-term up to a heliocentric distance of 4kpc, obtaining a value K=-(1-3)km/s/kpc. The results obtained for the spiral structure from O and B stars and Cepheids show good agreement. The Sun is located relatively near the minimum of the spiral perturbation potential (ψ☉=284-20°) and very near the corotation circle. The angular rotation velocity of the spiral pattern was found to be Ωp≃30km/s/kpc.