Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 373, 1032-1042 (2001/7-3)
An analysis of the observed radio emission from planetary nebulae.
SIODMIAK N. and TYLENDA R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have analysed the radio fluxes for 264 planetary nebulae for which reliable measurements of fluxes at 1.4 and 5GHz, and of nebular diameters are available. For many of the investigated nebulae, the optical thickness is important, especially at 1.4GHz. Simple models like the one specified only by a single optical thickness or spherical, constant density shells do not account satisfactorily for the observations. Also an r–2 density distribution is ruled out. A reasonable representation of the observations can be obtained by a two-component model having regions of two different values of optical thickness. We show that the nebular diameters smaller than 10" are uncertain, particularly if they come from photographic plates or Gaussian fitting to the radio profile. While determining the interstellar extinction from an optical to radio flux ratio, caution should be paid regarding optical thickness effects in the radio. We have developed a method for estimating the value of self absorption. At 1.4GHz self absorption of the flux is usually important and can exceed a factor of 10. At 5GHz self absorption is negligible for most of the objects, although in some cases it can reach a factor of 2. The Galactic bulge planetary nebulae when used to calibrate the Shklovsky method give a mean nebular mass of 0.14M☉. The statistical uncertainty of the Shklovsky distances is smaller than a factor of 1.5.
planetary nebulae: general - radio continuum: ISM - ISM: dust, extinction
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/373/1032): table1.dat table1.tex refs.dat>