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2001A&A...375..899K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 375, 899-908 (2001/9-1)

Light element non-LTE abundances of λ Bootis stars. II. Nitrogen and sulphur.


Abstract (from CDS):

One of the main characteristics proclaimed for the group of the λ Bootis stars is the apparent solar abundance of the light elements C, N, O and S. The typical abundance pattern is completed by the strong underabundances of the Fe-peak elements. In the first paper of this series, we have shown that carbon is less abundant than oxygen but both elements are still significantly more abundant than Fe-peak elements. The mean abundances, based on a detailed non-LTE investigation, were found -0.37dex and -0.07dex, respectively. As a further step, we now present non-LTE abundances of nitrogen and sulphur for thirteen members of the λ Bootis group based on several spectral lines between 8590Å and 8750Å. Furthermore, LTE abundances for calcium in the same spectral range were derived and compared with values from the literature. Similar to the mean abundances of carbon and oxygen, nearly solar values were found (-0.30dex for nitrogen and -0.11dex for sulphur) for our sample of program stars. Among our sample, one previously undetected binary system (HD 64491) was identified. From a statistical point of view, the abundances of the light elements range from slightly overabundant to moderately underabundant compared to the Sun. However, the individual objects always exhibit a similiar pattern, with the Fe-peak elements being significantly more underabundant than the light elements. No correlation of the derived abundances with astrophysical parameters such as the effective temperature, surface gravity or projected rotational velocity was found. Furthermore, the abundances of the light elements do not allow us to discriminate between any proposed theory.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: abundances - stars: atmospheres - stars: chemically peculiar - stars: early-type

Simbad objects: 33

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