Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 376, 460-475 (2001/9-3)
Multi-frequency variations of the Wolf-Rayet system HD 193793 (WC7pd+O4-5) III. IUE observations.
SETIA GUNAWAN D.Y.A., VAN DER HUCHT K.A., WILLIAMS P.M., HENRICHS H.F., KAPER L., STICKLAND D.J. and WAMSTEKER W.
Abstract (from CDS):
The colliding-wind binary system WR140 (HD 193793, WC7pd+O4-5, P=7.94yr) was monitored in the ultraviolet by IUE from 1979 to 1994 in 35 short-wavelength high-resolution spectra. An absorption-line radial-velocity solution is obtained from the photospheric lines of the O component, by comparison with a single O star. The resulting orbital parameters, e=0.87±0.05, ω=31°±9° and K_ Ostar_=25±15km/s, confirm the large eccentricity of the orbit, within the uncertainties of previous optical studies. This brings the weighted mean UV-optical eccentricity to e=0.85±0.04. Occultation of the O-star light by the WC wind and the WC+O colliding-wind region results into orbital modulation of the P-Cygni profiles of the CII, CIV and SiIV resonance lines. Near periastron passage, the absorption troughs of those resonance-line profiles increase abruptly in strength and width, followed by a gradual decrease. In particular, near periastron the blue black-edges of the P-Cygni absorption troughs shift to larger outflow velocities. We discuss that the apparently larger wind velocity and velocity dispersion observed at periastron could be explained by four phenomena: (i) geometrical resonance-line eclipse effects being the main cause of the observed UV spectral variability, enhanced by sightline crossing of the turbulent wind-wind collision zone; (ii) the possibility of an orbital-plane enhanced WC7 stellar wind; (iii) possible common-envelope acceleration by the combined WC and O stellar radiation fields; and (iv) possible enhanced radiatively driven mass loss due to tidal stresses, focused along the orbiting line of centers.
stars: binaries: spectroscopic - stars: early-type - stars: Wolf-Rayet - stars: individual: WR 140 - stars: winds, outflows - ultraviolet: stars
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