Astron. J., 121, 1556-1568 (2001/March-0)
Radio spectral indices of the powering sources of outflows.
BELTRAN M.T., ESTALELLA R., ANGLADA G., RODRIGUEZ L.F. and TORRELLES J.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
Eight regions containing molecular or HH outflows (Mon R2E, S287, L1654, L483, PV Cephei, L1203, L1251A, and CB 247) have been observed with the VLA at 6 cm, and a total of 55 sources have been detected above a 5 σ level. By combining our observations at 6 cm with previous data obtained at 3.6 cm, we estimate the spectral indices of the sources in the fields. For 32 of the sources we discriminate the sign of the spectral index and thus, we obtain information about the nature of the emission. For seven outflows (Mon R2E, S287-B, L1654, L483, PV Cephei, L1203, and L1251A) we found at least a central source with an spectral index consistent with thermal free-free emission from thermal radio jets. Multiple sources, separated ∼10", are found near the center of the Mon R2E, S287-B, L1654, and L1251A outflows. In the case of S287-B we found two sources that are valid candidates to drive the S287-B molecular outflow and could be related to the outflow excitation. Under the assumption that the observed emission arises from thermal radio jets, we discuss the mechanism responsible for the ionization and the constraints that introduces on their physical parameters, and we estimate that the flow of ionized material has to originate at a few AU from the exciting star. Most of the remaining, noncentral, sources are characterized by negative spectral indices (α←0.1) and are probably nonthermal background objects unrelated to the studied star-forming regions.
ISM: Jets and Outflows - Radio Continuum - Stars: Formation
Table 2: [BEA2001] Mon R2E NN (Nos 1-13), [BEA2001] S287 N (Nos 1-9), [BEA2001] L1654 N (Nos 1-8), [BEA2001] L483 N (Nos 1-6), [BEA2001] L1203 N (Nos 1-5), [BEA2001] PV Cep N (Nos 1-7), [BEA2001] L1251A N (Nos 1-9), [BEA2001] CB247 N (Nos 1-7).
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