MATHESON T., FILIPPENKO A.V., LI W., LEONARD D.C. and SHIELDS J.C.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present 84 spectra of Type Ib/c and Type IIb supernovae (SNe), describing the individual SNe in detail. The relative depths of the helium absorption lines in the spectra of the SNe Ib appear to provide a measurement of the temporal evolution of the SN, with He I λ5876 and He I λ7065 growing in strength relative to He I λ6678 over time. Light curves for three of the SNe Ib provide a sequence for correlating the helium line strengths. We find that some SNe Ic show evidence for weak helium absorption, but most do not. Aside from the presence or absence of the helium lines, there are other spectroscopic differences between SNe Ib and SNe Ic. On average, the O I λ7774 line is stronger in SNe Ic than in SNe Ib. In addition, the SNe Ic have distinctly broader emission lines at late times, indicating a consistently larger explosion energy and/or lower envelope mass for SNe Ic than for SNe Ib. While SNe Ib appear to be basically homogeneous, the SNe Ic are quite heterogeneous in their spectroscopic characteristics. Three SNe Ic that may have been associated with gamma-ray bursts are also discussed; two of these have clearly peculiar spectra, while the third seems fairly typical.
Gamma Rays - Stars: Mass Loss - Stars: Supernovae: General