Astron. J., 122, 332-348 (2001/July-0)
Simultaneous observations of variability at all atmospheric levels of V824 Arae (HD 155555).
DEMPSEY R.C., NEFF J.E. and LIM J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We conducted a multiwavelength campaign observing V824 Ara (HD 155555, G5 IV+K0 IV-V) continuously throughout one complete orbital cycle (∼1.7 days) in early May of 1996. At the core of this campaign were observations using the GHRS on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). In all, about 48,000 spectra, many in rapid readout mode, were obtained with the GHRS covering the C IV, Mg II, and Fe XXI wavelength regions at 11-15 separate phases. Simultaneous observations were made with the Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer (EUVE). Radio observations (3.5 and 6 cm) were conducted at the Australian Telescope, while ground-based visual spectroscopic and photometric observations were made at European Southern Observatory, Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, the Anglo-Australian Telescope, and South African Astronomical Observatory. Additional ground-based observations were obtained before, during, and after the campaign. Our primary intent was to obtain a three-dimensional model of the atmosphere extending from the photosphere to the corona. Variability was clearly detected, including several flares observed in the HST, EUVE, and radio data. We present results from modeling the ultraviolet transition region lines using an anisotropic macroturbulence model. Previous studies of transition region lines in late-type active stars have used multiple Gaussians to fit the observed line profiles, adding broad components to account for the extended wings observed in several active systems, including V711 Tau (HR 1099). This broad component has been interpreted as arising from the continuous presence of microflaring. We demonstrate that anisotropic macroturbulence models can also explain the observed Mg II profiles.
Stars: Activity - Stars: Chromospheres - Stars: Coronae - stars: individual (V824 Arae) - Stars: Late-Type
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