Protoplanetary disks in the nearest star-forming cloud: mid-infrared imaging and optical spectroscopy of MBM 12 members.
JAYAWARDHANA R., WOLK S.J., BARRADO Y NAVASCUES D., TELESCO C.M. and HEARTY T.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
The recent identification of several groups of young stars within 100 pc of the Sun has generated widespread interest. Given their proximity and possible age differences, these systems are ideally suited for detailed studies of star and planet formation. Here we report on the first investigation of protoplanetary disks in one such group, the high-latitude cloud MBM 12 at a distance of ∼65 pc. We present mid-infrared observations of the eight candidate pre-main-sequence (PMS) members and the two main-sequence (MS) stars in the same line of sight, which may or may not be associated with the group. We have also derived Hα and Li line widths from medium-resolution optical spectra. We report the discovery of significant mid-infrared excess from six PMS stars–LkHα 262, LkHα 263, LkHα 264, E02553+2018, RX J0258.3+1947, and S18–presumably due to optically thick circumstellar disks. Our flux measurements for the other two PMS stars and the two MS stars are consistent with photospheric emission, allowing us to rule out dusty inner disks. The disks we have found in MBM 12 represent the nearest known sample of very young protoplanetary systems and thus are prime targets for high-resolution imaging at infrared and millimeter wavelengths.
Accretion, Accretion Disks - Stars: Circumstellar Matter - Galaxy: Open Clusters and Associations: Individual: Alphanumeric: MBM 12 - Stars: Planetary Systems - Stars: Formation - Stars: Pre-Main-Sequence