Astrophys. J., 554, 27-42 (2001/June-2)
The hard X-ray luminosity of OB star populations: implications for the contribution of star formation to the cosmic X-ray background.
HELFAND D.J. and MORAN E.C.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present an empirical analysis of the integrated X-ray luminosity arising from populations of OB stars. In particular, we utilize results from the All-Sky Monitor on RXTE, along with archival data from previous missions, to assess the mean integrated output of X-rays in the 2-10 keV band from accreting early-type binaries within 3 kpc of the Sun. Using a recent OB star census of the solar neighborhood, we then calculate the specific X-ray luminosity per O star from accretion-powered systems. We also assess the contribution to the total X-ray luminosity of an OB population from associated T Tauri stars, stellar winds, and supernovae. We repeat this exercise for the major Local Group galaxies, concluding that the total X-ray luminosity per O star spans a broad range from 2 to 20x1034 ergs.s–1. Contrary to previous results, we do not find a consistent trend with metallicity; in fact, the specific luminosities for M31 and the SMC are equal, despite having metallicities that differ by an order of magnitude. In light of these results, we assess the fraction of the observed 2-10 keV emission from starburst galaxies that arises directly from their OB star populations, concluding that, while binaries can explain most of the hard X-ray emission in many local starbursts, a significant additional component or components must be present in some systems. A discussion of the nature of this additional emission, along with its implications for the contribution of starbursts to the cosmic X-ray background, concludes our report.
Galaxies: Starburst - Galaxies: Local Group - Stars: Early-Type - ISM: Supernova Remnants - X-Rays: Galaxies - X-Rays: Stars
Table 1 : 1846-03, 1901+03 and 1948+32 not identified
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