Astrophys. J., 556, 42-46 (2001/July-3)
The halo black hole X-ray transient XTE J1118+480.
WAGNER R.M., FOLTZ C.B., SHAHBAZ T., CASARES J., CHARLES P.A., STARRFIELD S.G. and HEWETT P.
Abstract (from CDS):
Optical spectra were obtained of the optical counterpart of the high-latitude (b≃62°) soft X-ray transient XTE J1118+480 near its quiescent state (R≃18.3) with the new 6.5 m Multiple Mirror Telescope and the 4.2 m William Herschel Telescope. The spectrum exhibits broad, double-peaked emission lines of hydrogen (FWHM≃2400 km.s–1) arising from an accretion disk superposed with absorption lines of a late-type secondary star. Cross-correlation of the 27 individual spectra with late-type stellar template spectra reveals a sinusoidal variation in radial velocity with amplitude K=701±10 km.s–1 and orbital period P=0.169930±0.000004 days. The mass function, 6.1±0.3 M☉, is a firm lower limit on the mass of the compact object and strongly implies that it is a black hole. We estimate the spectral type of the secondary to be K7 V-M0 V, and that it contributes 28%±2% of the light in the 5800-6400 Å region on 2000 November 20, increasing to 36%±2% by 2001 January 4 as the disk faded. Photometric observations (R-band) with the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias 0.8 m telescope reveal ellipsoidal light variations of full amplitude 0.2 mag. Modeling of the light curve gives a large mass ratio (M1/M2∼20) and a high orbital inclination (i=81°±2°). Our combined fits yield a mass of the black hole in the range M1=6.0-7.7 M☉ (90% confidence) for plausible secondary star masses of M2=0.09-0.5 M☉. The photometric period measured during the outburst is 0.5% longer than our orbital period and probably reflects superhump modulations, as observed in some other soft X-ray transients. The estimated distance is d=1.9±0.4 kpc, corresponding to a height of 1.7±0.4 kpc above the Galactic plane. The spectroscopic, photometric, and dynamical results indicate that XTE J1118+480 is the first firmly identified black hole X-ray system in the Galactic halo.
Accretion, Accretion Disks - Stars: Binaries: Spectroscopic - Black Hole Physics - stars: individual: XTE J1118+480 - X-Rays: Stars
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