2001ApJS..132...19S


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.10.31CET11:40:01

2001ApJS..132...19S - Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 132, 19-35 (2001/January-0)

Stromgren photometry from z=0 to z~1. I. The method.

STEINDLING S., BROSCH N. and RAKOS K.D.

Abstract (from CDS):

We use rest-frame Strömgren photometry to observe clusters of galaxies in a self-consistent manner from z=0 to z=0.8. Strömgren photometry of galaxies is intended as a compromise between standard broadband photometry and spectroscopy, in the sense that it is more sensitive to subtle variations in spectral energy distributions than the former, yet much less time-consuming than the latter. principal component analysis is used to facilitate extraction of information from the Strömgren data. By calibrating the principal components using well-studied galaxies, as well as models of stellar populations, we develop a purely empirical method to detect, and subsequently classify, cluster galaxies at all redshifts smaller than 0.8. Interlopers are discarded with unprecedented efficiency (up to 100%). The first principal component essentially reproduces the Hubble sequence and can thus be used to determine the global star formation history of cluster members. The (PC2, PC3) plane allows us to identify Seyfert galaxies (and distinguish them from starbursts) based on photometric colors alone. In the case of E/S0 galaxies with known redshift, we are able to resolve the age-dust-metallicity degeneracy, albeit at the accuracy limit of our present observations. We use this technique in later papers to probe galaxy clusters well beyond their cores and to fainter magnitudes than spectroscopy can achieve, because the faint end of the luminosity function as well as the outer cluster regions seem to exhibit the strongest evolutionary trends. We are able to directly compare these data over the entire redshift range without a priori assumptions because our observations do not require first-order k-corrections. The compilation of such data for different cluster types over a wide redshift range is likely to set important constraints on the evolution of galaxies and on the clustering process.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxies: Clusters: General - Galaxies: Evolution - Galaxies: Fundamental Parameters - Galaxies: Photometry - Methods: Data Analysis - Techniques: Photometric

CDS comments: Table 3: Clusters of galaxies 'ClHHMM': this is not a ClG format (ex. Cl1604 could be 1604+4144, 1604.0+3935, J1604+4304, J1604+4144), they are not identified, nor the galaxies GN in these clusters.

Simbad objects: 167

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Number of rows : 167

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 Mrk 335 Sy1 00 06 19.5371542746 +20 12 10.617456059   14.19 13.85     ~ 1105 0
2 ClG 0016+16 ClG 00 18 33.3 +16 26 36           ~ 475 0
3 NGC 210 GiP 00 40 34.9915408968 -13 52 21.998215700   11.8   11.00 11.4 ~ 161 0
4 IC 1586 bCG 00 47 56.301 +22 22 22.51   15.0       ~ 68 0
5 Mrk 960 bCG 00 48 35.430 -12 42 59.77   15.5       ~ 102 0
6 NGC 262 Sy2 00 48 47.1414900 +31 57 25.083955 14.04 13.90 13.06 8.53   ~ 677 3
7 87GB 005314.6+260945 BiC 00 55 50.583 +26 24 36.68   18.63   16.26   ~ 196 1
8 Mrk 352 Sy1 00 59 53.2853410350 +31 49 37.252347536   15.25 14.81     ~ 193 0
9 NGC 383 rG 01 07 24.95870 +32 24 45.2140   13.6 12.14     ~ 722 3
10 2C 94 Sy2 01 08 52.8701245540 +13 20 14.257796477   15.19       ~ 441 2
11 NGC 449 Sy2 01 16 07.2096682810 +33 05 21.651153340   15.90 14.96     ~ 270 4
12 Mrk 357 SyG 01 22 40.5869519680 +23 10 14.696079946   15.76 15.40     ~ 92 0
13 Mrk 358 Sy1 01 26 33.5879355409 +31 36 58.708299134   16.02 15.23     ~ 95 0
14 M 33 GiG 01 33 50.904 +30 39 35.79 6.17 6.27 5.72     ~ 5197 1
15 ICRF J013957.3+013146 Sy1 01 39 57.3060959746 +01 31 46.176224864   17.12 17.07     ~ 167 1
16 IC 214 G 02 14 05.586 +05 10 23.37   14.4       ~ 139 0
17 NGC 1023 IG 02 40 24.012 +39 03 47.70 10.91 10.35 9.35 7.83   ~ 606 2
18 IC 1854 Sy1 02 49 20.6917033464 +19 18 14.425474077   15.86 14.81     ~ 112 0
19 NGC 1140 EmG 02 54 33.5258827369 -10 01 43.135585379 12.41 12.84 12.49 13.6 13.5 ~ 264 1
20 3C 76 Rad 03 01 12.8 +50 45 07           ~ 15 2
21 NGC 1218 Sy1 03 08 26.2238190 +04 06 39.300921   12.84       ~ 346 1
22 NGC 1313 G 03 18 16.046 -66 29 53.74   10.06 10.0 9.40 10.4 ~ 614 2
23 3C 84 Sy2 03 19 48.1597607660 +41 30 42.114155434   13.10 12.48 11.09   ~ 3582 3
24 3C 88 QSO 03 27 54.19484 +02 33 41.9820   13.95       ~ 209 1
25 NGC 1357 GiG 03 33 17.094 -13 39 50.98   12.44   11.8 11.3 ~ 135 0
26 NGC 1399 BiC 03 38 29.083 -35 27 02.67 11.05 9.74 9.59 8.12   ~ 1463 1
27 NGC 1404 GiP 03 38 51.917 -35 35 39.81 11.53 10.69 10.00 9.03   ~ 675 1
28 NGC 1433 GiG 03 42 01.553 -47 13 19.49   10.84 9.99 9.61 10.2 ~ 309 0
29 2C 349 Sy2 03 58 54.4385123848 +10 26 02.820631972   16.68 15.41     ~ 324 2
30 NGC 1510 GiP 04 03 32.640 -43 24 00.58 14.23 13.63 13.24 13.09   ~ 177 1
31 NGC 1553 GiP 04 16 10.4711638537 -55 46 48.107262747 10.76 10.10 9.40 8.74   ~ 356 2
32 NGC 1569 IG 04 30 49.186 +64 50 52.52 11.72 11.86 11.03     ~ 1158 3
33 Mrk 618 Sy1 04 36 22.2984932129 -10 22 33.987352636   15.08 14.51 10.7   ~ 224 0
34 NGC 1672 SyG 04 45 42.552 -59 14 50.68 10.29 10.53 9.68 9.53 10.2 ~ 320 1
35 NGC 1800 G 05 06 25.737 -31 57 15.21 13.51 13.19 12.70 12.48 12.9 ~ 160 1
36 NGC 1832 G 05 12 03.332 -15 41 16.01   12.2   11.07 11.8 ~ 223 1
37 IC 450 Sy1 06 52 12.32333 +74 25 37.2376   15.16 14.19     ~ 506 1
38 NGC 2276 IG 07 27 14.485 +85 45 16.20   12.3       ~ 343 0
39 NGC 2403 AGN 07 36 51.396 +65 36 09.17 9.31 8.84 8.38 8.19   ~ 1627 1
40 Mrk 9 Sy1 07 36 57.0265515252 +58 46 13.431867389   14.77 14.37     ~ 216 0
41 Mrk 79 Sy1 07 42 32.8212778143 +49 48 34.787882233   14.74 14.27     ~ 639 1
42 Mrk 78 Sy2 07 42 41.7030525112 +65 10 37.433697338   15.57 14.58     ~ 332 2
43 Mrk 10 Sy1 07 47 29.0804248574 +60 56 00.665770179   15.18 14.71     ~ 219 0
44 2XMM J080535.0+240951 Sy2 08 05 35.0057673498 +24 09 50.334614040   15.46       ~ 316 1
45 3C 198.0 AGN 08 22 31.9519395844 +05 57 06.774647022   18.04 17.33     ~ 120 0
46 ACO 665 ClG 08 30 45.2 +65 52 55           ~ 402 0
47 NGC 2775 G 09 10 20.112 +07 02 16.53   11.417 10.481 9.920 8.994 ~ 321 0
48 3C 219 Sy1 09 21 08.6263828902 +45 38 57.345842278   19.56 18.69     ~ 387 2
49 Mrk 110 Sy1 09 25 12.8479868736 +52 17 10.386808297   16.82 16.41     ~ 516 0
50 NGC 2905 H2G 09 32 10.111 +21 30 02.99 10.44 9.75 9.07 8.68   ~ 997 3
51 NGC 3049 EmG 09 54 49.651 +09 16 17.90   13.04       ~ 292 1
52 M 82 IG 09 55 52.430 +69 40 46.93 9.61 9.30 8.41     ~ 5371 6
53 NGC 3077 GiP 10 03 19.0965510921 +68 44 01.556166166 11.23 10.85 10.14 9.74   ~ 695 0
54 NGC 3125 H2G 10 06 33.318 -29 56 07.32 13.03 13.45 13.00 12.50 13.4 ~ 216 1
55 NGC 3147 Sy2 10 16 53.632 +73 24 02.34   11.43 10.61     ~ 427 2
56 Mrk 141 Sy1 10 19 12.5634677324 +63 58 02.618352314   16.32 16.00     ~ 138 0
57 NGC 3227 GiP 10 23 30.57 +19 51 54.3   12.61 11.79     ~ 1545 2
58 Mrk 142 Sy1 10 25 31.2788890554 +51 40 34.868795739   16.33 16.12     ~ 236 0
59 NGC 3245 GiP 10 27 18.3853542210 +28 30 26.626222848   11.6       ~ 314 0
60 NGC 3256 IG 10 27 51.284 -43 54 13.55   11.83 11.33 10.62 11.9 ~ 757 2
61 Mrk 34 Sy2 10 34 08.606 +60 01 52.33   15.71 14.65     ~ 215 1
62 NGC 3310 AGN 10 38 45.857 +53 30 11.89   12.45 12.15     ~ 734 1
63 NGC 3353 AGN 10 45 22.390 +55 57 37.36 12.90 13.25 12.79     ~ 324 1
64 M 96 GiP 10 46 45.744 +11 49 11.78 10.42 10.15 9.25 8.99   ~ 747 1
65 M 105 LIN 10 47 49.600 +12 34 53.87   10.56 9.76 9.12 8.18 ~ 1385 0
66 Mrk 1267 bCG 10 53 03.845 +04 37 54.24   14.1       ~ 71 0
67 NGC 3471 GiP 10 59 09.016 +61 31 49.63   13.0       ~ 114 0
68 NGC 3516 Sy1 11 06 47.4596406816 +72 34 07.189563769   13.12 12.40     ~ 1424 0
69 M 65 GiP 11 18 55.957 +13 05 31.96   9.6       ~ 409 1
70 M 66 GiP 11 20 15.026 +12 59 28.64 9.85 9.65 8.92     ~ 1176 4
71 NAME NGC 3690 West GiP 11 28 30.69 +58 33 33.4   11.8       ~ 610 4
72 NGC 3690 IG 11 28 31.326 +58 33 41.80   13.19 12.86     ~ 889 4
73 NAME NGC 3690 East AGN 11 28 33.07 +58 33 54.2   11.8       ~ 616 4
74 Mrk 176 Sy2 11 32 40.2437529352 +52 57 01.304442422   15.50 14.61 13.52   ~ 227 2
75 UGC 6697 GiG 11 43 49.078 +19 58 06.46 13.96 14.35 13.59 13.29   ~ 200 2
76 3C 264.0 QSO 11 45 05.0090520 +19 36 22.741257   14.98 13.97     ~ 540 2
77 NGC 3921 IG 11 51 06.8746094191 +55 04 43.392337063   13.4 12.64     ~ 237 0
78 NGC 3941 Sy2 11 52 55.360 +36 59 10.96   11.45 11.62 9.97   ~ 225 0
79 Mrk 42 Sy1 11 53 41.7727871132 +46 12 42.171866526   16.24 15.45     ~ 194 0
80 NGC 4194 AGN 12 14 09.615 +54 31 35.93   13.79 13.30     ~ 414 2
81 NGC 4262 GiG 12 19 30.582 +14 52 39.78 13.00 12.49 11.55     ~ 332 1
82 Mrk 50 Sy1 12 23 24.1368239628 +02 40 44.452269820   17.25 16.63     ~ 195 0
83 NGC 4385 AGN 12 25 42.8108150606 +00 34 21.279221919   14.63 14.12 13.1 12.8 ~ 249 0
84 NGC 4449 EmG 12 28 11.118 +44 05 36.81 10.11 9.98 9.64 9.45   ~ 1027 1
85 M 49 Sy2 12 29 46.798 +08 00 01.48   13.21 12.17     ~ 1971 2
86 NGC 4485 GiP 12 30 31.113 +41 42 04.22 12.10 12.42 11.93 11.93   ~ 256 2
87 M 90 Sy2 12 36 49.816 +13 09 46.33 10.56 10.26 9.54     ~ 805 1
88 M 104 LIN 12 39 59.43185 -11 37 22.9954 9.51 9.55 8.00 8.05   ~ 1285 3
89 NGC 4648 GiG 12 41 44.410 +74 25 15.18   12.6       ~ 106 0
90 NGC 4631 GiP 12 42 08.009 +32 32 29.44   9.78 9.19 9.10   ~ 979 2
91 NGC 4750 LIN 12 50 07.3079114506 +72 52 28.636473003   11.8       ~ 121 0
92 3C 277 rG 12 51 43.6 +50 34 25   21       ~ 53 1
93 NGC 4775 GiG 12 53 45.707 -06 37 19.73   12.3   11.19 12.0 ~ 143 0
94 Mrk 231 Sy1 12 56 14.2340989340 +56 52 25.238555193   14.68 13.84     ~ 1793 3
95 NGC 4889 BiC 13 00 08.097 +27 58 37.29 12.93 13.0 11.30 11.652 10.906 ~ 654 1
96 Mrk 66 Sy2 13 25 53.813 +57 15 16.08   15.0       ~ 74 0
97 NGC 5195 GiP 13 29 59.590 +47 15 58.06 10.76 10.45 9.55 9.31   ~ 704 3
98 M 83 SBG 13 37 00.919 -29 51 56.74 8.85 8.11 7.52 7.21   ~ 2250 2
99 NGC 5248 GiG 13 37 32.069 +08 53 06.22   11.4       ~ 448 0
100 NGC 5253 AGN 13 39 55.990 -31 38 24.11 11.48 10.94 10.49 10.33   ~ 1274 4
101 NGC 5283 Sy2 13 41 05.7487638040 +67 40 19.995794737   14.97 14.05     ~ 229 0
102 Mrk 268 Sy2 13 41 11.143 +30 22 41.35   15.60 14.66     ~ 162 0
103 Mrk 69 Sy1 13 46 08.1046844938 +29 38 10.492013600   16.45 15.93     ~ 71 0
104 3C 293.0 BLL 13 52 17.880 +31 26 46.49   16.10 15.10     ~ 425 3
105 Mrk 279 Sy1 13 53 03.4356451470 +69 18 29.410672989   15.15 14.46     ~ 697 0
106 Mrk 464 Sy1 13 55 53.5279814197 +38 34 28.684913353   17.57 17.13     ~ 104 0
107 Mrk 463 Sy2 13 56 02.9 +18 22 18   14.8 14.22     ~ 353 2
108 NGC 5532 LIN 14 16 52.928 +10 48 26.43   13.3       ~ 323 3
109 NGC 5548 Sy1 14 17 59.5401093128 +25 08 12.600227883   14.35 13.73     ~ 2416 0
110 NGC 5683 Sy1 14 34 52.4562711819 +48 39 42.737545132   16.46 16.08     ~ 158 0
111 Mrk 478 Sy1 14 42 07.4713423763 +35 26 22.939531895   14.91 14.58     ~ 485 0
112 ACO 1961 ClG 14 44 31.7 +31 13 36           ~ 42 0
113 IC 1065 Sy2 14 49 21.5921149894 +63 16 13.816373757   17.30 16.39     ~ 340 1
114 Mrk 829 GiP 14 50 56.495 +35 34 18.27   14.5 14.83     ~ 195 0
115 M 102 SyG 15 06 29.561 +55 45 47.91 11.12 10.74 9.89     ~ 503 3
116 NGC 5860 EmG 15 06 33.73 +42 38 29.2   14.2       ~ 83 0
117 NAME Corona Borealis SCG 15 25 +29.5           ~ 116 0
118 Mrk 290 Sy1 15 35 52.4036488200 +57 54 09.516647866   15.55 15.27     ~ 454 0
119 Mrk 486 Sy1 15 36 38.4013129866 +54 33 33.214684833   15.21 14.78     ~ 249 0
120 Mrk 487 bCG 15 37 04.237 +55 15 47.60   15.2       ~ 127 0
121 UGC 10033 IG 15 46 56.1 +17 52 42           ~ 114 0
122 NGC 5996 H2G 15 46 58.872 +17 53 03.18   13.2       ~ 143 0
123 Mrk 291 Sy1 15 55 07.9389329589 +19 11 32.564995025   16.15 15.51     ~ 99 0
124 NGC 6052 IG 16 05 12.8707837896 +20 32 32.613940524 13.01 13.44 13.00     ~ 334 2
125 NGC 6090 PaG 16 11 40.3 +52 27 21   14.0       ~ 399 2
126 NGC 6181 GiG 16 32 20.969 +19 49 35.77   12.7       ~ 226 0
127 NGC 6217 AGN 16 32 39.2277115994 +78 11 53.468793359   14.37 13.88     ~ 282 0
128 Mrk 499 bCG 16 48 24.1214564075 +48 42 32.774673496   14.6       ~ 47 0
129 NGC 6240 Sy2 16 52 58.861 +02 24 03.55   14.31 13.37     ~ 1491 2
130 NGC 6340 GiP 17 10 24.961 +72 18 15.69   11.87 11.01     ~ 180 1
131 Z 1722.7+6844 PaG 17 22 25.78 +68 41 33.9   15.6       ~ 3 0
132 Mrk 506 Sy1 17 22 39.9311830237 +30 52 52.626574014   15.42 14.68     ~ 164 0
133 LEDA 140777 G 17 24 14.8 +66 34 40           ~ 4 0
134 LEDA 140776 Sy2 17 24 36.532 +63 37 24.47     17.42     ~ 8 0
135 IRAS Z17298+6900 AGN 17 29 32.3 +68 58 22           ~ 2 0
136 LEDA 140785 G 17 32 34.1 +70 15 24           ~ 4 0
137 2MASX J17411499+7041262 Sy2 17 41 14.9216105335 +70 41 26.089802223           ~ 7 0
138 IRAS F17425+6615 G 17 42 34.4 +66 14 21           ~ 3 0
139 2MASX J17431735+6250207 Sy2 17 43 17.3999267398 +62 50 21.099141789   15.7 15.7     ~ 21 0
140 IRAS F17462+6402 AGN 17 46 29.7 +64 01 07           ~ 3 0
141 IRAS F18014+6318 G 18 01 48.8 +63 18 55           ~ 3 0
142 LEDA 140808 G 18 03 28.9 +63 13 10           ~ 5 0
143 IRAS F18066+6632 G 18 06 38.6 +66 32 36           ~ 8 0
144 IRAS Z18121+6256 AGN 18 12 31.7 +62 57 45           ~ 2 0
145 MCG+11-22-038 G 18 17 24.1195584643 +66 18 47.512386853   17       ~ 5 0
146 NGC 6643 G 18 19 46.370 +74 34 06.23   11.80       ~ 288 1
147 [BPB98] 93 G 18 23 38.9427187270 +64 41 47.992912698           ~ 5 1
148 ICRF J184208.9+794617 Sy1 18 42 08.9910523393 +79 46 17.129210139   16.06 15.38     ~ 1218 0
149 NGC 6764 LIN 19 08 16.348 +50 55 59.14   15.00 14.32     ~ 278 1
150 ACO 2317 ClG 19 08 20.500 +69 03 20.00           ~ 41 0
151 ESO 338-4 IG 19 27 58.338 -41 34 30.81   13.55 13.21 13.14 13.43 ~ 211 1
152 ESO 185-13 AGN 19 45 00.549 -54 15 02.91 14.77 14.94 14.68 14.49 14.19 ~ 46 0
153 NGC 6868 GiP 20 09 54.082 -48 22 46.25   11.58 9.22 10.01 7.91 ~ 206 1
154 Mrk 1513 Sy1 21 32 27.8163185343 +10 08 19.250705656   14.92 14.64     ~ 545 0
155 NGC 7083 GiG 21 35 44.6354652924 -63 54 10.200457416   11.93 11.04 10.81 11.5 ~ 172 0
156 NGC 7196 G 22 05 54.8093251477 -50 07 09.885509663   12.43 11.54 10.89   ~ 107 0
157 Mrk 304 Sy1 22 17 12.2638362727 +14 14 20.918554073   15.02 14.66     ~ 322 0
158 NGC 7250 G 22 18 17.776 +40 33 44.66 13.18 13.22 12.58     ~ 89 1
159 NGC 7469 Sy1 23 03 15.674 +08 52 25.28 12.60 13.00 12.34     ~ 1903 3
160 Mrk 315 Sy1 23 04 02.6204973580 +22 37 27.435670055   15.60 14.78     ~ 140 0
161 NGC 7552 GiP 23 16 10.767 -42 35 05.39 11.34 11.22 10.57 10.08 11.1 ~ 510 3
162 NGC 7673 EmG 23 27 41.060 +23 35 20.18 12.84 13.17 12.76     ~ 264 1
163 NGC 7714 GiP 23 36 14.099 +02 09 18.07   14.91 14.36     ~ 731 1
164 APG 284 PaG 23 36 19 +02 09.3   12.6       ~ 603 0
165 4C -01.61 BLL 23 51 56.1224724223 -01 09 13.315055954   16.83 16.59     ~ 317 1
166 Mrk 542 H2G 23 56 59.619 -02 05 01.98   15.4       ~ 44 0
167 NGC 7793 GiG 23 57 49.7533807411 -32 35 27.708304655 10.26 9.74 9.28 9.06 9.7 ~ 937 2

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2020.10.31-11:40:01

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